CIASetUpJullianAssange

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Julian Assange faces assassination risk: WikiLeaks spokesman
                                                                           Assange Accuser Worked with US-Funded, CIA-Tied Anti-Castro Group

December 5, 2010 
by legitgov

Ah, then came the dawn. Assange Accuser Worked with US-Funded, CIA-Tied Anti-Castro Group By Kirk James Murphy, M.D. 04 Dec 2010 [As reported by Israel Shamir and Paul Bennett in Counterpunch in September]

Julian Assange’s chief accuser in Sweden has a significant history of work with anti-Castro groups, at least one of which is US funded and openly supported by a former CIA agent convicted in the mass murder of seventy three Cubans on an airliner he [Luis Posada Carilles] was involved in blowing up... Who is Julian Assange’s chief accuser in Sweden? She’s a gender equity officer at Uppsula University -- who chose to associate with a US funded group openly supported by a convicted terrorist and mass murderer.  She just happens to have her work published by a very well funded group connected with Union Liberal Cubana -- whose leader, Carlos Alberto Montaner, in turn just happened to pop up on right wing Colombian TV a few hours after the right-wing coup in Honduras.

http://www.legitgov.org/Assange-Accuser-Worked-US-Funded-CIA-Tied-Anti-Castro-Group


Julian Assange is Controlled Opposition Under Mind Control
http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=194294.0

NSA nexus: former Google security boss Ben Laurie on Wikileaks' advisory board!!
http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=194274.0

Assange literally in bed with CIA asset/operative: his Swedish accuser is CIA op
http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=194293.0




 

100 Best Things to Do in Australia

Your RVF Lifestyle

RV Road Trip

RV-ing around the world

RV Road Trip

100 Best Things to Do in Australia

by J Rogers

https://www.your-rv-lifestyle.com/things-to-do-in-australia/

Australia has a wide variety of landscapes, ranging from mountain ranges in the south-eastern and western sections, tropical rainforests in the north-east quarter, with arid and semi-arid desert in the middle. It is the sixth largest nation in the world. The capital city is Canberra.

The country has an extremely diverse way of life and is equally famous for the beautiful beaches, as it is for the rugged outback. Most visitors simply do not realise just how vast the country is!

Each state has different things to offer the tourist. Victoria is widely recognised as the cultural capital, and it is here that you will find the best food and wine. Queensland is mostly tropical, while New South Wales has magnificent beaches. Tasmania is cooler, while the western and northern territories are rugged. Capital Territory prides itself on culture, with many galleries and museums to explore.

1. The Great Barrier Reef

This is located off the coast of Queensland, and is the largest coral reef in the world. It is a huge tourist destination, with cruises and diving boats which offer special expeditions to the reef.
Diving gear is normally available to hire, when you have produced diving documentation, so be sure to take it all with you.
Make sure you book any tours in advance as they are a very popular way to see the reef.

2. Sydney Harbour Bridge

You may also hear of the bridge as ‘the Coathanger’ because of the arch shape. The bridge spans the harbour and carries vehicles, trains, bicycles and foot passengers between the central business district and the North Shore.
The bridge is an iconic feature of the harbour, it was built in 1932 and is the sixth longest spanning bridge in the world. It also ranks as the tallest arch bridge, being 44-feet from the water level to the top.
Plan on spending a day in the area, and make sure you have your camera with you.

3. Uluru

You may have also heard of this as Ayers Rock, which is the more well-known name. It is a huge sandstone rock which can be found in the Northern Territory, 335 km west of Alice Springs.
The rock is sacred to the aboriginal people of the area. The Anangu people often lead walking tours of the rock and surrounding area, and are very informative about the fauna and flora there.
If possible, try to visit at dawn or sunset when the colours are at their most spectacular.
Allow a half day or more, depending on how much exploring you want to do.

4. Sydney Opera House

This ranks as one of the most distinctive and famous of buildings to have been built in the 20th century. It was opened in 1973.
The complex covers the entire Bennelong Point on the harbour, you simply cannot miss it!
There are different venues in the complex, with over 1,500 shows each year. There are three resident companies there, namely Opera Sydney, Sydney Theatre Company, and Sydney Symphony Orchestra.
If you plan to see any show here, you must book in advance. Should you want to stay the night, you will find plenty of hotels in the area.

5. Port Jackson

This is an area, rather than a specific thing. It is where the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour, North Harbour, Parramatta River, and Lan Cove all meet. Significantly, it is the spot where the first European settlement in the country took place.
You will remember some events which take place there, namely the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race.
The harbour is also famous for the New Year’s Eve firework display.
Spend a full day looking around the area, there are many places where you can get lunch during the day.

6. Cable Beach

This magnificent beach is 6 km west of Broome, and is a 22 km stretch of beautiful white sands.
The waves are very gentle during the season from May to October. After that, there is an influx of jellyfish, so swimming is not advisable.
Take a camel ride along the beach at sunset and sunrise, and look out for the ‘clothing optional’ area, if this appeals to you.
If you head for the southern part of the beach you will find Gantheaume Point where you may be lucky to see whales and dolphins as they migrate.

7. Visit Uluru

This is the heart of the outback and well worth a visit. You will find out how the residents managed with the Royal Flying Doctor Service as their only medical help, and how they coped with fearsome desert creatures.
Be sure to check out the Reptile Park, where you will see some of them!
If you like, you can head out into the West Mac Donnell Range and hike to the top of Anzac Hill.
Make sure you stop at the historic Overland Telegraph Station, which was built in 1872 and was the first communication outpost in the area.

8. Eureka Tower

You will find this skyscraper in the Southbank area of Melbourne. It is the highest public vantage point in any building in the southern hemisphere, measuring 935 feet. The observation deck is on level 88.
This is the second tallest building in the country, and still the tallest to the roof.
On the observation deck you will find 30 viewfinders so you can check out the whole of Melbourne. There are also free binoculars which you can use. If you are brave enough, head for the small outside area called ‘The Terrace’, which fortunately is protected from the winds.
Especially for the brave, try the glass cube called ‘The Edge’, which is a glass box hanging over the edge of the tower, only adding to the experience of height!

9. Great Ocean Road

If you visit Australia, then this should be on your list of things to do! The road runs between Torquay and Allansford, for 243 km along the south-eastern coast.
The road itself is a memorial dedicated to soldiers killed during WWI, and winds over different terrain along the coast. There are several landmarks you will pass along the way such as the Twelve Apostles rock formations.
Warrnambool is the largest city along the route, so you should stop here for supplies if you need them. The road is two lanes, one in each direction, and the speed limit changes, so be aware of this and watch for the road signs.

10. The Shrine of Remembrance

This dedication is found in Melbourne. It was constructed in dedication to those who served in WWI, although bow it is a memorial to all Australians who served in wars.
The shrine is constructed of Tynong granite, containing the marble Stone of Remembrance.
Be sure to check out the engraved words ‘Greater love hath no man’. Of significance here is that once a year, on 11th November at 11am (Remembrance Day), the sun shines through the roof and lights up the word ‘love’.
Look for the crypt below which has a bronze statue of a soldier and his young son. The panels list each unit of the Australian Imperial Force.
Plan to spend a half day here, although longer if you are searching for a name on the panels.

11. Mount Kosciuszko

This mountain is part of the Australian Alps national Parks and reserves, and you will find it on the main range of the Snowy Mountains, in New South Wales.
At 2,228 m above sea level, it is the highest mountain in the country.
You will many outdoor activities here such skiing and snowboarding in the winter months, and great walking in the summertime. There are many trails for mountain biking and bushwacking. You can rent mountain bikes at some of the trails.
This is a great area to take an RV and spend a few days.

12. The Twelve Apostles

You will find this outcrop off the shore of Port Campbell National Park. It is also visible from the Great Ocean Road. This is a very popular tourist attraction.
Originally there were 12 outcrops, but over time, some have eroded and collapsed. Right now, there are only eight, as one collapsed in 2005.
The remaining outcrops are over 50 metres high. Hikers and walkers will enjoy the many trails in the area, and this is a good place to take an RV for a few days. Be aware that you must take all your provisions as there may not be anywhere to stock up on.

13. Darling Harbour

You will find this harbour in Sydney near to the city centre. It is also well-known as a recreational area, with a pedestrian precinct.
There are many attractions to be seen in the area, such as the Chinese Garden of friendship, and the Powerhouse Museum.
Madame Tussauds is there, as is the Sydney Aquarium, so it is a good idea to spend a full day here. Perhaps even book into a hotel and stay longer.

14. Queen Victoria Market

You may also hear this called the ‘Queen Vic’. It is a very well-known landmark, and the largest open-air market in the southern hemisphere. You will find it in Melbourne.
The market has been going strong since the 19th century. There used to be three markets, but the other two closed, leaving the Queen Victoria market as the oldest surviving market.
This is a very popular market, where you can find almost everything you want. It is now part of the Victorian Heritage register. If you plan to spend a full day there, you will not be disappointed.

15. K’gari (Fraser Island)

The whole island is heritage-listed, and you will find it on the south coast. It is the largest sand island in the world, with a variety of microclimates such as sand dunes, lakes, and rainforests.
The island is Queensland’s largest, as well as Australia’s 6th largest island. It is populated by only a handful of people, because tourists go there to walk and hike, before returning to the mainland.
Expect to see an abundance of plants, and a diverse range of animals including the saltwater crocodile!

Plan a day hiking or walking here, and be on the lookout for reptiles and mammals.

16. The Snowy Mountains

These are also known as ‘The Snowies’. They are the highest mountain range in the country. It is here you will find the highest mountain namely Mount Kosciuszko. There are also another five peaks above 2,100 metres high.
Look out for the ‘Mountain Plum Pine’ which is thought to be the world’s oldest living plant, it is a type of conifer.
In winter, the area is very popular with skiers and snowboarders, while in the warmer months, hiking and rambling takes precedent.
Allow yourself plenty of time to explore the area, in the warmer months it is a great place to take an RV for a few days.

17. Kata Tjuta

You will find these amazing rock formations 365 miles southwest of Alice Springs. You may also hear it called ‘The Olgas’. You will know it by the large group of domed formations.
The highest dome is Mount Olga, which is 1,066 metres above sea level.
If you enjoy hiking and walking, then this is a good place to head for. There is also coming in the area, so plan to spend a few days here and explore.

18. Melbourne Aquarium

This is no ordinary aquarium! Not only can you look at sharks – you can dive with them! Grey Nurses, Whaler Sharks, and Seven Kill Sharks, all make up the inhabitants of this complex.
You will take to the water with a fully qualified dive instructor who will ensure that your dive is not only safe but enjoyable.
You do not need any diving experience – a sense of adventure is all that is needed!
You must book your tickets in advance, and the best way to do this is online.

19. Burleigh Heads

This interesting suburb is found in the city of Gold Coast. This is very popular with surfers, and you will find the beaches a great place to barbeque and play a few cricket matches.
On Sundays the town centre is filled with buskers, and local musicians, along with fire-twirlers to keep the kids amused.
In the high street you will find an assortment of delis, cafes, and interesting shops, so it is worth spending a full day here and enjoying the atmosphere.

20. Bay of Fires

The name was given to the bay by Captain Tobias Furneaux in 1773, when he saw the fires of the Aboriginal people on the beach.
You will find that the beaches are wonderfully white, the water incredibly blue, and the outcrops an amazing colour of orange shades.
The northern area is national park, while the southern part is conservation area.
In and around the Bay of Fires there are many outdoor activities for families, such as boating, swimming, and fishing. It is also a great place for bird watching.
There is a campsite, so you can pitch a tent or take an RV and spend some time in this lovely area.

21. Dandenong

This is an area, rather than a single place. It is a suburb of Melbourne, about 30km southeast of the centre.
What makes this unique is the diverse population who live here. It is therefore, a great place to sample different types of cuisine, which will have influences such as Turkish and Albanian.
There are many eclectic shops and literally dozens of interesting restaurants, so plan to spend a full day here.

22. Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary

You will find the sanctuary in Brisbane. This sanctuary not only takes care of Koalas, but also kangaroos, wombats, and Tasmanian devils. It is the largest and oldest koala sanctuary in the world.
If you have children, then try to visit here as you get to hold the koalas! They are not allowed to be held for more than 30 minutes per day. You can also help with feeding the kangaroos.
Once a day there is an exhibition of the birds of prey, showing off their speed and incredible eyesight.
There is also a small farm where you may see sheep dog shows, so you should plan to spend the full day here to see everything!

23. Stradbroke Island

The easiest way to visit this island is to take a tour which leaves from Brisbane. The island has over 100 fresh water lakes, which you can visit. The lakes are safe to swim, or just to walk along.

Watch out for dolphins, manta rays, turtles, and even whales as you cross the water. You may also see kangaroos and koalas on the island.

There are small towns where you can buy lunch, although this is often included on trips.
If you want to stay longer, there is an excellent hotel on the island.

24. Hervey Bay Whale Watching

The best way to see whales is to take a whale watch tour, and you will find these readily available in Hervey Bay. Most of the tours last about 4 hours, and often the vessels have underwater viewing windows.
Often the tour will include your lunch and afternoon tea, so they are really good value for money. Many of them will collect you at your hotel and drop you back there. You will be able to book tickets for tours at your hotel.
Look out for Humpbacks on their annual migration. Note that the tours are seasonal, so check to make sure they are running, don’t assume they are.

25. Tully and Barron River

If you enjoy water sports, then make sure you head here for some water rafting, and rapid riding. You will need to go with a group of like-minded people, and the adventure will take about five hours.
The river rafting tours are suitable for kids as well as adults and carry on all year round. Both rivers offer rafting opportunities, with no previous experience being needed. All training is given on the day by professional rafters.
Allow yourself a full day here, and make sure you bring dry, warm clothing for when you are done.

26. Kurunda Scenic Railway

This railway runs from Cairns to Kurunda, and snakes its way through the Macalister mountain range. It used to be used as a regular commuter train, but it is not only used for tourists. It operates daily apart from Christmas day.
The journey will take about 2 hours and will pass through the most beautiful terrain, on the climb to the falls. The tropical gardens are a delight to see and a very well-known attraction.
You will get the opportunity for photos as the train stops at a lookout, where you can see Barron Falls. Look out for Stoney Creek Falls as you pass, as they are just a few metres from the train.
Near the station you will find a zoo where you can feed kangaroos and hold the koalas. There is also an information centre and a gift shop.
Allow yourself a full day for this, as you can then spend some time in the town.

27. Queenstown Winery Tour

This half day tour is available in Queenstown, and it is a great idea to take advantage of it. You will get to see three different wineries, as well as take a tour of an underground wine cave.
The tours normally start in the afternoon, and for an extra fee you can visit a craft beer tasting centre.
Each vineyard will select some wines to sample along with snacks, so you will not go hungry!
The guides are normally very knowledgeable about the wines you taste, having a passion for wine themselves, so you will be well cared for.
These tours are not suitable for children.

28. Phillip Island

This island is found about 140 km south-east of Melbourne. It was named after the first governor of New South Wales. The island forms a natural breakwater for the shallow waters in Western Port.
The island is connected to the mainland by a bridge, which was originally made of wood. The population of the island is about 10,000, although in the summer it increases to 40,000. Most of the island is for grazing cattle and sheep.
If you enjoy wildlife, this will delight you. The island has a significant population of penguins and pacific gulls. You may also see wallabies and kangaroos, who are tame enough to be fed.
Make sure you head to the western side as this is where you will find the largest colony of seals in Australia.
Plan on spending a full day here and enjoy the amazing wildlife!

29. Take a Wild Tour

These tours are a great way to see wildlife. They leave from many Melbourne hotels, and are normally in small groups.

Most of them include a picnic lunch. You will take a guided walk through the bush, and visit the wildlife sanctuary, which has koalas in their natural environment. Look out for tribes of emus, and flocks of cockatoos.

The tour company will arrange pick-up and drop off from your hotel, making this is a very easy way to see the natural side of the country

30. Nitmiluk National Park

This national park is 244 km southeast of Darwin. There are a series of gorges which are accessible by flat bottomed boat or canoe.
In the dry season, the water level is lower, so the gorges do not run into each other, but in the rainy season you can explore them together.
You will find a visitor centre at Katherine Gorge which is about 30 km east of the town of Katherine. There you will find maps that explain the layout of the gorges, and the landscape. Tours are available to book here, if you prefer.
This is a great place to spend a few days, you will find two permanent campsites for both tents and RV’s.

31. Lord Howe Island

You will find this small island in the Tasman Sea. It is east of Port Macquarie. It has a very diverse terrain, but is best known for the beautiful, sandy beaches.
You will also find subtropical forests here with clear streams. There are many trails, but the best one is the trail that winds up Mount Gower, where you will have the most amazing views!
Look out for seabird colonies, which include Masked Boobies. If you enjoy scuba diving or snorkeling, then be sure to take your equipment with you as you can do this on Admiralty Island, which is nearby.

32. Royal Botanical Gardens

These gardens are in Melbourne and were founded in 1846. The garden extends to the river, with trees, landscaped gardens, and lakes. You will find over 50,000 different plants here from 8,500 species.
Look out for the algae and fungi collections which are one of the most comprehensive in Australia.
There is a café where you can get lunch, so plan to spend most of the day here, and enjoy the gardens.

33. Blue Mountains

The name comes from the natural blue haze which is created by the eucalyptus forests in the area. You can get to the Blue Mountains from Katoomba by train, as it only takes about two hours.

The whole area is filled on interesting things you can do, such as take the glass-floored cable car to the top of a peak.

There is an Aboriginal tour which will take you through the Blue Mountains, and this departs from Faulconbridge Train Station.

If you enjoy hiking, then you will love the many trails which take you to secret waterfalls and valleys.

Rock climbing is very popular, and you will also see abseiling.

This is a great place to take an RV, spend a few days, and get to know the area.

34. Margaret River Distillery Tour

The best way to visit this area is to join a tour. These leave from the main car park at the Margaret River Centre, and you will visit four delightful distilleries through the day.

The area is famous for beer, wine, and gin, and you will be plied with interesting cocktails through the day.

Lunch is included in these tours, making them very good value for money. These are not recommended for children.

35. Hobart

This is the capital of Tasmania, and the second oldest city in the country. You will find it on the south-east side of Tasmania.

Hobart was founded in 1804 as a penal colony, and you will find the city steeped in history. One of the best ways to see the city is to take a guided tour. These are available three times a day and for different lengths of time. The River Derwent runs through the town, and there are many small cafes along the front.

Close by you will find Battery Point which is an historic district. Look out for the Colonial cottages.

In the distance you can see Mount Wellington, which is 1,270 metres high and has plenty of hiking and cycling trails.

Make sure you check online for upcoming events and plan a night in the city.

It is well worth spending a few days here. There are many hotels in all price ranges.

36. Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary

This is regarded as the best wildlife park on the Gold Coast. You will find it in Currumbin. It also has the cheapest entry tickets!
Make sure you visit the wildlife hospital where you can see animals who are recovering from injury and illness. You may see kangaroos, crocodiles, and many others.
You can hand feed some of the animals, and also stay for feeding time at the Rainbow Lorikeet house.
Make sure you get your photo taken with a cuddly Koala bear!

37. Daintree Rainforest

You will find this rainforest in the north-east section of Queensland. It covers 1,200 square km, making it the largest tropical rainforest in the country. In fact, the rainforest grows right down to the coast, and the edge of the sea.
If you enjoy hiking, camping, walking, and investigating flora of all sorts, then make sure you head here. Accommodation is available in the way of camping, glamping, or in the luxury eco resort.
This is one of the oldest rainforests left in the world, so you should not miss the opportunity to see it.

38. Lake Eyre

This is also known as Kati Thanda, and is the lowest natural point in the country, being at 15 metres below sea level. When the lake fills it becomes the largest lake in Australia.
An interesting point here is that when the lake fills, it is as salty as the sea, although when it dries up, the water evaporates, and the saltiness is increased.
The lake was named after John Edward Eyre, the first European to set eyes on it, back in 1840.
This is a good place to bring an RV, you can hike around in the day, and barbeque in the evenings.

39. Salamanca Market

You will find this street market in Hobart. The market days are held on Saturdays, although in January and February, the are also held on Sundays.
Whatever you want, you are most likely to find here, with over 300 stallholders, selling things from gourmet produce to arts and crafts.
In the immediate vicinity, you will find hotels, bars, and restaurants, so it is worth spending a night or two here when the market is on.

40. Bungy Jumping and Minjin Swing

This is for those who like adventures while they travel. You will find these right outside Cairns. The bungy Tower offers two of the best adrenaline rushes you could ask for, in the same location.
The bungy jump has over 16 different jump styles to choose from, while the swing allows you to pair up with a friend for the ride of your life.
The views, of course, are spectacular- if you have your eyes open!

41.The Three Sisters

This is a very unusual rock formation in the Blue Mountains. They are close to the town of Katoomba.
Legend has it that three sisters from one village fell in love with three men from another village. They were forbidden, by law to marry. The men planned to capture the women and run off with them, and a tribal battle began. The sisters were turned into stone by an elder, who was then killed before he could turn them back.
Whatever you believe, it is a spectacular spot to visit, with great hiking and amazing views!

42. The Giant Stairway

This is not too far from Katoomba. It is a bushwacking trail which will lead you to the Three Sisters, and further down to the floor of the Valley. To each the floor you will need to use the steps – 800 of them!
The trail will take you about an hour and a half, with great views along the way.
If you do not feel you can negotiate the steps, you can also reach the floor of the Valley by train which leaves from Katoomba.

43. City of Perth

The city of Perth is found next to the Swan River, and is one of the most isolated capital cities in the world. You will find that it is near to the Australian bushland, which gives the city an ‘outdoor’ feel.
Perth is full of interesting things to see and do. You may visit the Pinnacle’s Deserts limestone pillars, or take a trip to the Margaret River wine region.
In the southern parts you will find forests with formidable trees.
It is worth booking into a hotel for a few nights, and exploring the area.

44. Cairns Wildlife Dome

This is an all-weather wildlife exhibit which you will find on top of the iconic Reef Hotel Casino.
This is one of the leading zoos in the country, and is enclosed in a 20-metre high glass dome. You will find birds, pythons, turtles, and crocodiles, to name a few of the animals there.
You can buy a ticket which will last you for four days, so you can take your time and see all there is to see. This is an excellent way to see the zoo, and all the animals.

45. Bondi Beach

You will find this very popular beach about 7km east of Sydney. It is one of the most visited beaches in the country. You may know of some of the competitions which are held here every year.
The area hosts the National Rugby League, as well as the City to Surf run, which happens every year in August. This is a fun run, attracting over 60,000 entrants.
You may be there when the Flickerfest takes place in January. This is an international short film festival.
There is a beach market which takes place every Sunday, and a food market at Christmas.
If you are staying in the area, then you will see many families spending Christmas Day on the beach.

46. Brisbane River

This river flows through Brisbane, and is the longest river in Queensland. The river starts at Mount Stanley and has been dammed to form lakes along the way.
You may remember that the largest ship to be built on the river was the Robert Miller. You might be lucky and see bull sharks, which appear from time to time.
If you fish, they you may catch lungfish and river cod. There are 16 bridges that cross the river, and the Clem Jones Tunnel is the first underground crossing for transport.
Plan to spend a full day in the area so that you can grab a bite along the river, and explore the surroundings.

47. Nambung National Park

You will find this park in western Australia, 17 km south of the town of Cervantes. In the park, you will find the Pinnacles Desert which has the most amazing limestone formations.
You will also find beaches here at Kangaroo Point, and Hangover Bay, with beautiful coastal dunes and flowering plants.
If you head for the northern part of the park, there is a boardwalk which lets you see thrombolites, which are over 3 million years old.
Allow yourself a full day here, and take a packed lunch if you do, as well as water.

48. Melbourne Cricket Ground

This sports venue is found in Yarra Park, Melbourne. It is home to the Melbourne Cricket Club, and the 10th largest stadium in the world. It has the tallest light towers of any sporting venue in the world.
You can walk to the complex from the city centre. One of the most popular events is the annual Boxing Day Test, although many other events are hosted through the year.
If you plan to see any event, you must book in advance to avoid disappointment.

49. Skydive over Byron Bay

If you have never done a skydive before, then this is the place to try it! Not only is the scenery magnificent, but you get 60 seconds to look at it while you are in freefall. It is a great idea to have a video of the skydive, this is so different from regular holiday photos!
If you are not jumping, you can watch your friend land, this may make you change your mind!
You must book this in advance as they get extremely popular especially around Mother’s Day, ot public holidays.

50. Lone Pine Sanctuary

This is the world’s largest Koala sanctuary in the world, and it is one of Brisbane’s most popular tourist attraction. There are over 130 Koalas who live there.
This is a fund day out for the family, you get to cuddly the Koalas anytime you like, and feed the kangaroos.
Another animal you will see is the rare Platypus. There are shows that take place through the day, and great entertainment for all ages. You should plan to spend the entire day here.

51. Kings Cross Farmhouse Restaurant

This is one place you should try, if you are in Melbourne. It’s a local restaurant who uses locally sourced products.
Try the trout or the Blue Crab, and you will not be disappointed. Mind you, the dessert menu is also fantastic!
The restaurant has a very impressive wine and beer menu, and the staff make it a great place for a delightful evening meal. You must book your table as it gets very full.

52. Royal Botanic Garden

This garden is found in the middle of Sydney. It opened in 1816, and is still the oldest botanical garden in the country.
The garden is open every day of the year, and better still – it is free to enter. The stunning views of the harbour and the opera house make it a delightful venue to spend an afternoon.
The gardens are formed into an amphitheatre and are divided into four different areas, namely Lower Gardens, Middle Gardens, Palace Gardens, and the Bennelong section. In each section, you will find smaller gardens, with a café area in the middle of this layout. At the café you will find a visitor’s centre and a bookshop.
It is worth spending a full day here, certainly you will want to do this if you are interested in gardening.

53. Cape Tribulation

You will find this headland in Queensland, in the Shire of Douglas. Back in the mid 80’s the population was around 300, with the area being mostly popular with hikers.
Since then hostels and resorts have been built to cater for tourists. There is accommodation to suit all budgets.
The best time to visit is between July and November, when swimming is the best, with no stingers in the water.
If you plan to stay, then be sure to book your accommodation in advance.

54. Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park

If you want to see and learn about the incredible traditions of the Aboriginal people, then this is a ‘must’. The park lies between cairns and Palm Cove. Spend a whole evening here, and enjoy the traditional music and dance routine.
There is an art gallery where you can see interesting pieces. After that you will be able to sample a selection of native spiced canapes, before you attend a face painting session!
There is a dance ceremony and a fire-making ceremony, with dinner served at a relaxed pace.
You will be served traditional food, prepared by Tjapukai chefs. You may get to taste kangaroo burgers, or grilled mackerel.
The entire evening lasts only from 7-9.30, so it is not a late night, but well worth seeing!

55. The Rocks

This is an area, rather than a thing. It is a tourist area in the historic section of Sydney. It was the site of the first European settlement in the country, in 1788.
You will find wonderful views of the harbour bridge, as well as many historic buildings.
Be sure to check out the two oldest pubs in Sydney, namely the Fortune of War, and the Lord Nelson. There are many other pubs close by, and many interesting restaurants, art and gift shops.
Be sure to explore the colourful history of this area.

Try to make time to see Susannah Place Museum while you are there. It is a good idea to spend a full day here, as there is plenty to see and do.

56. Fish at the Rocks Restaurant

If you enjoy seafood, then you need to head here to taste some delicious seafood dishes. You will find the restaurant in Sydney.
Try the oysters and calamari for starters, and maybe the linguini for the main course.
If you are a dessert lover then be sure to ask for the apple and rhubarb crumble, which is truly delicious!
If you cannot make up your mind for a choice of wine, the staff will bring you a sample of each!

57. Snorkelling around Green Island

If you enjoy seeing life under the water, then treat yourself to a trip here. Leaving from cairns, you will head for the very popular Green Island, in a glass-bottomed boat.
After you have snorkeled to your heart’s content, be sure to check out the island, as it is a nature lover’s paradise! There is a self-guided tour you can take around the island, stopping for a dip in the island swimming pool, if you like.
Other things you may enjoy are parasailing or helicopter rides. You will find a well-informed visitor centre, and a café where you can get lunch, so you should plan to spend a full day here.

58. Salamanca Place

You will find this area in Hobart. What used to be warehouses, have now been transformed into beautiful restaurants, gift shops, galleries, and offices.
Enjoy visiting some of the local bars which you will find down at the wharf. The area is one of the most visited attractions here in the year.
While you are there, try to see the market, which is held on Saturdays.
If you are here after dark, you will find the area alive with music and people. There are many hotels in the area, so you could stay a day or two.
An interesting point here is that Salamanca Place is found on the Australian game of Monopoly.

59. Luna Park

If you have kids, then this is where you simply need to go! Even adults will thoroughly enjoy a day here! This amusement park is found in St Kilda, Melbourne. It was opened in 1912.
You will find the oldest operating roller coaster in the world here. It is one of only three where a brakeman stands in the middle of the train.
The park is filled with rides of all types, such as the Japanese built pirate ship, Twin Dragon, and the Holodeck, which is a motion simulator ride, to name a few.
Plan to spend the entire day here, the kids will not want to leave!

60. Penguin Island

The only way for you to get to this island is by boat, which you can arrange in Shoalwater. Camping is allowed on the island, for up to five days at a time.
You will be able to meet dolphins, over the side of the boat, and see them cajole about in the water right next to you.
The island has other interesting things to see such as birds and wildlife. The island is also very good for fishing and swimming, and a very pleasant way to get away and relax for a few days.
Be aware that there are no cafes on the island, so you need to carry all you need with you.

61. The Pub at Aussie World

You may be surprised to learn that this is one of the main attractions in Queensland, and is well deserving of a visit.
Aussie World is also the place for you to buy any special souvenirs from your visit, as it has a great gift store.
The Pub is open from 9am till late and has delicious lunch and dinner menus. They specialise in local produce and the feature of the day is often grilled steaks.
There is no better way to spend an afternoon relaxing with an ice cold beer.

You will also find a range of upmarket shops, and plenty of small cafes, making this is a good place to spend a full day.

62. Yarra River

You will find this is Victoria, and emptying into Hobsons’ Bay in Port Phillip. Originally the river was used for agriculture, and later mining, although now it is used for container shipping from Port of Melbourne.
For the public, the river means swimming, canoeing, kayaking, and rowing, and a good day out in the fresh air.
Try to visit at the annual Moomba Festival which is celebrated along the river.

63. Mount Coot-tha-Lookout

You will find this interesting place near Brisbane. It is a very popular spot for fantastic views of the greater Brisbane area.
There are buses which will take you up to the top, and bring you back down again, and there are places where you can get snacks and refreshments.
It will only take a half day to see this, but the views are worth it.

64. Wave Rock

This is one of Western Australia’s most spectacular and unique rock formations. The ‘wave’ is about 14 metres high and 110 metres long. It was formed millions of years ago. The formation is in the exact same shape as you would find in the ocean.
Pack yourself a picnic lunch, or join one of the many tours which go there, and enjoy exploring this amazing spot. There is an entrance fee at get close, although you will find it worth the amount. Remember to take a camera!

65. Legoland

This is in Melbourne. Regardless of whether you have children or not, this is a ‘must see’. There are 5 Lego play areas where the kids can get as creative as they like.
There is also a 4D cinema, and gift shop where you can pick up some of the latest additions to the Lego family.
There is a café, so you will have no excuse to leave early!

66. Whitsunday Islands

There are no less than 74 islands in this group! It is a very popular destination for tourists, and it is between Queensland and the Great Barrier Reef.
If you enjoy walking, then look for the trail called the Ngara Sea Trail Great walk. This is a combination of short walks, and sea ways, which cross some of the islands, namely South Molle, Hook, and Whitsunday.
You can camp at 8 areas on three of the islands, and this is great for sailing, powerboating, or kayaking.
There is varied accommodation available, to suit all budgets, so you may want to book a few nights and enjoy the area.

67. Jenolan Caves

You will find the caves in the Jenolan Karst Conservation Reserve. They are about 30 km west of Katoomba.
These are the oldest open caves in the world, and are well-known for their beauty. The caves are still being explored, although tourists have eleven caves to view.
To view these amazing caves will take you a half day, and then you may want to head into the town and have a look around there.

68. Valley of the Giants

You will find this forest of giants near Walpole, in the south-east part of the country. Be ready to be awed by their magnificence.
These giant red tingle trees grow to as high as 40 metres, and are unique to this area. There is a treetop walk which you should try, unless you are afraid of heights!
The walk will give you an idea of just how tall the trees are, and of course, the view from the top is amazing.
When you come down into the boardwalk below, you can follow the Ancient Empire Walk, which winds around the trees. Some of the trunks are up to 15 meters in circumference.
These are among the tallest trees in the world. There are other attractions here, such as a perfect swimming and picnic spot.
Be sure to look for the oldest eucalypt, which is not far from the giant Tingle Tree.

69. Kakadu National Park

You will find this 171 km southeast of Darwin. The park is enormous, covering an area of almost 200 km north to south, and over 100 km east to west. Put another way, it is half the size of Switzerland!
Here you will find some of the best examples of aboriginal rock art in the country. Look for the Nourlangie and Ubirr sites, where you will find the rocks.
If you are a bird watcher, then this will delight you, as over 30% of the country’s bird species can be found here.
You are very likely to see large saltwater crocodiles at Yellow Water, and East Alligator River, and you may be interested to know that this was where Crocodile Dundee was filmed. Make sure you take care around any crocs as they are dangerous.
You are welcome to fish in the park, but hunting is forbidden. You have the option of several places to stay, if you want to spend a few days here.

70. Taronga Zoo

This zoo has one of the finest collection of animals in the entire country. To get here, you need to take a ferry from Circular Quay, in Sydney Harbour. Often you can buy your ferry ticket zoo entrance together, which works out cheaper.
You will see the opera house from the water, which is spectacular! In the zoo, you will see zebras, kangaroos, and many other animals. The ticket includes a Sky Safari Cable Car ride, which lets you see the zoo from above.
Plan to stay the day, as you can buy lunch there, and take your time.

71.Whitehaven Beach

This beach is found along Whitsunday Island and can be reached by either boat, helicopter, or seaplane. The pure white sand is made of 98% silica, which gives it the amazing colour.
It is very popular with tourists as it makes the perfect place for a barbeque, and swimming.
There are camping facilities, so you can stay a few days and enjoy the outdoor life.

72. Port Arthur Historic Site

A good way to see this (as there is plenty to see) is to buy a two-day pass, which allows you to see things at your leisure. Some passes even include a Carnavon bay cruise, so look out for these.
There are over 30 historical buildings that you can visit, to learn about the colonial convict history. There is a museum, Interpretation gallery, and Dockyard, to mention just a few places.
There are plenty of hotels in all price ranges, making this is a good place to stay a few days.

73. Lake McKenzie

This is also called Boorangoora, and is found on Fraser Island, in the Great Sandy National Park.
Locals regard this as a wonderful family area, with pure white sands around the lake, and excellent picnic facilities, with even the toilets being of a high standard!
Allow yourself a full day here, pack a picnic and enjoy the area.

74. Yarra Valley

Yarra valley is the area which surrounds the Yarra River. So, while this is not one particular place, it is an area that you should try to explore.
There are many delightful towns in the region such as Woori Yallock, which is very popular with tourists.
If you enjoy walking, then you will find plenty of great trails to follow such as the Lilydale to Warburton Trail.
The area is well-known for wine growing, and there are numerous wineries that you can visit, and sample the wine, then perhaps buy a few bottles.

Make sure you check online for any upcoming events in the valley.

It is a good idea to take an RV around this area, and spend a few days exploring it.

75. The Ekka

This used to be called the Royal Queensland Show, and it is an agricultural show which is held annually at the Brisbane Showgrounds.
The show is Queensland’s largest annual event, so be prepared for it to be busy, as over 400,000 visitors arrive each year.
There are normally over 21,000 competition entrants in various events such as animals, and food sections.
Try to stay until nightfall, as there is always great entertainment well into the evenings.
The show is normally held over a week towards the end of August.

76. National Maritime Museum

This is a great place for people of all ages. The museum is found in Darling Harbour, Sydney.
There are many exhibits which are designed to be ‘hands-on’, so are perfect for kids of all ages. You can go aboard one of the famous vessels the dock at the harbour, so be sure to check when they are due.
There is a Mini Mariners Play Zone for the younger ones, and plenty of cinematic experiences where you can learn about the history of the Navy.
Allow yourself most of the day to see this, especially if there are interesting ships that have docked.

77. Kalbarri National Park

The park is situated 485 km north of Perth. The major tourist attraction is the Murchison Gorge, which runs for over 80 km down the lower part of the river.
The park is open all year round and is great for hiking and rambling. Winters are warm with moderate amounts of rain, while summers can get extremely hot, with temperatures often reaching above 40 degrees Celsius.
You must watch the rainfall if you want to hike in the park during the months of May through August as some roads to the gorge will be closed.

78. Tour Melbourne

Probably one of the best ways to explore Melbourne is to take a guided tour. This way you get to ask as many questions as you like, and your guide will answer them.
Most tours will take you through Sovereign Hill, which is a ‘frozen in time’ village from the 1800’s. You will be able to try your hand at panning for gold here.
Other things you may see include the Eureka Stockade, and Ballarat Wildlife Park, where you will be able to get lunch (included on most tours)
Allow yourself a full day here, whether you explore on your own, or take a tour, as there is plenty to see and do.

79. Cairns Cruise

If you do not snorkel or dive, and still want to see the Great Barrier Reef, then why not take a cruise?
Most cruise boats have glass bottoms to allow you to see the amazing sights below. You will find the tour guides very knowledgeable about the reef, and they will point out many interesting things and fish.
Snorkelers can get in the water when the boats stop. You will be served lunch on board, and maybe afternoon tea.

80. Tallebudgera Creek

If you enjoy outdoor activities, then this will appeal to you. You will find the creek in Burleigh Heads National Park. Kayaking is the most popular pastime here, although canoeing is also popular.
Walking and hiking through the area is a great experience, as there are many different plants and animals to see while you explore.
The beaches are lovely, and you can pack a picnic lunch while you relax on the warm sands.
Close by is the Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary, where you can cuddle the Koalas, so it is worth planning a full day in the area.

81. Hot Air Balloon over Hinterland

If you want to see the landscape from a different angle, then try a hot air balloon flight. You can book this at Gold Coast Hinterland, and most flights last 30 minutes, although you can book longer ones if you like.
Balloon rides will take you over the rim of the Gold Coast, with the most spectacular views!
Be sure to check out their special birthday offers and champagne breakfasts.

This may not be the ride for you, if you are afraid of heights, but it is a great way to start the day!

82. Ningaloo Coast

This site is found in the western part of the country, along the East Indian Ocean. The Ningaloo Reef runs for 260 km along the coastline, and is the largest coral reef this close to the shore.
Walking is exceptional along the shoreline, and up on the cliffs, where you may catch sight of sharks. There are between 300 and 500 whale sharks who move through the waters.
Very close to the shoreline, you may see mangroves. There are estuaries and lagoons, as well as rocky shores, all worth exploring.
This is a great place to take an RV, spend a few days, and enjoy the area.

83. Circular Quay

You will find this harbour in Sydney, on the northern edge of the business centre. It is a very popular area for tourists, with many walkways, parks, and restaurants.
If you happen to be here at New Year, then this is where you will find people gather to watch the fireworks, and see the New Year in.
In the area you will also find the Museum of Contemporary Art, and the City Library.
Well worth spending a full day here, as there is a lot to see and do.

84. Quarantine Station

You will find this in Sydney. It is possibly the most haunted site in the country! For this reason, you may choose to go on a tour with other people, instead of alone!
These tours take about two and a half hours, and are normally only for adults, so don’t be tempted to bring the kids as they will not be allowed.
You get to visit the hospital, the morgue, and the shower block, among other things. No doubt you will hear all manner of noises as you explore the station.
Allow a full evening for this, then allow yourself a stiff drink afterwards!

85. Indoor Skydiving

If you just don’t fancy making a real skydive, then this may appeal to you. You will find the centre in Sydney, in Surfers’ paradise.
You’ll receive a comprehensive training session, so you know what to expect, and the instructors will be at hand if you need them.
Your entrance fee includes two flights and a flight certificate afterwards. You can get a video and photographs of your flight, as a keepsake.

86. Museum of Tropical Queensland

This is the perfect venue for adults and kids alike. The museum is located in Townsville, and has a huge amount of information of fauna and flora of the country.
You will learn all about the Great Barrier Reef, and Queensland in general. Many exhibits are designed for the kids and are interactive.
There is a place where you can get lunch, so if you have a bad weather day, then plan to spend it here.

87. Freycinet National Park

This park is found on the east coast of Tasmania, about 125 km northeast of Hobart. It was founded in 1916, and is the oldest park in Tasmania.
Be sure to visit Wineglass bay, which has been voted one of the ten best beaches in the world. Look out for the magnificent pink and red granite rock formations, and the jagged peaks, locally known as ‘The Hazards’.
This is the perfect place to escape to, if you enjoy walking through the bush or strolling along unspoilt beaches.

88. Carlton Brewhouse

This brewery is on the banks of the Yarra River. It is the largest brewery in Australia, and has been working for over 150 years.
Once at the brewery, you can join the guided tour which will take you around the brewery and show you the process. You will also get to sample some of the famous beers that are produced there.
There is a great restaurant and beer garden where you can relax after the tour, and have lunch, and a beer. Allow a half day for this, and make sure any visitors are over the age of 18.

89. Jet Boat on the Gold Coast

This is a great, exciting family adventure! Certainly a ‘must do’ part of your holiday! You can book your ride at Surfer’s Paradise.
You’ll love the 360-degree spins, and the wake surfing of this thrill ride along the coast! The rides take about an hour, and pass Wavebreak Island and Sovereign Island before weaving through the Aldershots mangrove channel.
After the boat ride, you may want to spend the afternoon looking around the area. There are plenty of restaurants and iconic shops to see.

90. Comedy Lounge

You will find this in Melbourne, and if you enjoy comedy shows, then be sure to head here. You will enjoy an evening of stand-up comedy, with laughs a second, with some well-known comedians.
This is in fact the longest running comedy club in the country. The shows normally last about 2.5 hours, with the option of dinner afterwards.
You must purchase your tickets in advance, either online or at the ticket office.

91. Low Isles

You get here by sailing from Port Douglas, and this is a great way to spend a day with the family. You can moor up in calm waters in the lagoon, and spend the day exploring the island.
There are boat trips that leave from the island, whish take you around the area. Normally these have glass bottoms, so you get to see the amazing marine life. Turtles are often to be see, as are many brightly coloured fish.
Allow yourself a full day here.

92. Kings Park

This is to be found on the west side of Perth. It is a combination of grassland, bushland, and botanical gardens. The views are superb of the Swan River and Darling Mountains.
There are over 80 bird species here, as well as over 200 fungi species. The park is the habitat of over 324 native plants.
This is the biggest inner-city park in the world, and also the most popular tourist destination in the country. In area, this park is larger than New York Central Park.
Look out for the State War Memorial and the Royal Kings Park Tennis Club.
If possible, try to visit during September, when the park hosts the largest wildflower show in the country.

93. See Skypoint

You will find this in Surfer’s Paradise. It is the highest point on the Gold Coast. This is not for the faint-hearted! Neither is it recommended if you are afraid of heights.
The climb lasts about 90 minutes, and will take you right to the top of the largest residential building in the world. You will have climbed over 270 metres above sea level.
If this isn’t enough, you then have the opportunity of walking around the edge of the building with a sheer drop right below you!
This is an incredible opportunity, and if you can, you should try it!

94. Cradle Mountain National Park

This park is just beautiful! This is in Tasmania near the towns of Deloraine, and Carrick. Cascading waterfalls, spectacular landscapes, and breath-taking views are what you will find here.
For hikers, there is a trail called the ‘Enchanted Forest Walk’, which is well worth taking. You will find amazing views of Dove Lake along the way.
Look out for wombats and wallabies along the way, and even a platypus or two!

Allow a full day to appreciate the beauty of this park.

95. Palm Valley

You may want to take a guided tour which leaves from Alice Springs. You will head off in a 4WD vehicle on a safari adventure, through beautiful rugged terrain.
You will pass through Finke Gorge national Park, and get to see the art gallery at Hermannsburg Aboriginal Community.
Allow yourself a full day for this, lunch is included in the tours.

96. Do a Bungy Jump

Australia is the home of Bungy Jumping, and this is possibly the ultimate adrenaline rush! As long as you are 10 years and older, you can have a go.
Head for Cairns, and you will find the fist bungy jump location in the country. Cairns is also home to the World record for the most jumps in 24 hours – a staggering 542!
After your jump you will receive a t-shirt and a certificate – if you are brave enough!

97. Visit the Tasman Peninsula

This is best done with a guided tour, which leaves from Hobart and takes about 3 hours. This is the best way (unless you have your own boat) to get down to the peninsula.
The trip winds along the shore of the Tasman national Park where you will see falcons and seals, before stopping at the Port Arthur Historic Site. Lunch in included here.
From the boat you will be able to see some of the southern hemisphere’s tallest sea cliffs, and you may get to see peregrine falcons who nest there.
Dolphins, seals, and even whales have been spotted here.

98. See Ramsey Street

No doubt you are familiar with the television series ‘Neighbours’. Well, here in Melbourne, you will be able to see the official Ramsey Street. Neighbours is the longest running soap series in Australia.
You can get behind the scenes to see how the show is produced, and who knows, you may even get to meet a star of the show!
Allow yourself a half day here.

99. Explore Boggo Road Gaol

You will find the gaol in Brisbane. The prison is famous for the dramatic escapes in the 80’s, the infamous inmates, and roof top protests.
You can learn about how the prison was run, and visit the gatehouse, yards, and F Wing where the rooftop protests were held in 1988.
Make sure you look out for the plaque with the story of the cat called Tripod, and read about Slim Halliday, who escaped twice!

Summary of 100 Best Things to Do in Australia

Although Australia is mostly desert, or semi-desert, you will find there are a diverse range of terrains, from tropical forests to beautiful beaches, and everything in between!

Australia has the greatest number of reptiles of any other country, with over 750 species, and because of the age of the country, you will find extreme weather patterns. This works to an advantage, because the country is popular with people who enjoy the outdoor lifestyle, as well as people who like to be indoors.

Whatever you enjoy when you take a holiday, there will be something in this vast country that appeals to you.


Julian Assange faces assassination risk: WikiLeaks spokesman
Reuters
December 2, 2010

http://www.dawn.com/2010/12/02/julian-assange-faces-assassination-risk-wikileaks-spokesman.html

wikileaksspokesmanReut543 Julian Assange faces assassination risk: WikiLeaks spokesman

WikiLeaks spokesman Kristinn Hrafnsson (C) listens to questions from the media during an event at the Frontline club in London, December 1. The disclosure of a trove of confidential US diplomatic cables by WikiLeaks is perfectly legal, the spokesman for the whistle-blowing website said on Wednesday. — Photo by Reuters

LONDON: WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange is at risk of being assassinated over the release of secret US documents and will remain in hiding for his own security, the website’s spokesman said Wednesday.

Spokesman Kristinn Hrafnsson said the Australian’s safety was at stake after US politicians called for him to face treason charges and an adviser to Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper reportedly said he should be killed.

“We have had threats from governments and commentators, some of them totally preposterous, even calls for the assassination of Julian Assange,” Hrafnsson said during a debate at the Frontline Club in London.

“He is justified in being concerned for his safety. When you have people calling, for example, for his assassination, it is best to keep a low profile,” he added.

Hrafnsson said Assange’s whereabouts would remain secret. He is known to have recently spent time in Sweden and London and is the subject of an Interpol arrest request over a rape allegation in Sweden.

He has faced calls from the United States for his arrest, with Mike Huckabee, a former Republican presidential hopeful, reportedly saying that those responsible for the leaks were guilty of treason and should face execution, CNN reported.

Separately, Tom Flanagan, an advisor to Canada’s prime minister, said flippantly in a television interview that Assange “should be assassinated” and that US President Barack Obama “should put out a contract and maybe use a drone.”

Hrafnsson, an Icelandic former journalist, defended Assange’s decision to remain in hiding and not to face up to the Swedish arrest warrant, saying the timing of the Interpol alert was “curious”.

“He is in a secret location and working on the project with a group of our staff. It is necessary in the circumstances to keep his location secret,” Hrafnsson said.

The spokesman also pointed to the fact that WikiLeaks was suffering repeated cyber attacks as evidence that it was being targeted.

“We know the interest of the US government in bringing down WikiLeaks,” he said.

US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton accused WikiLeaks on Monday of an “attack on the international community” by releasing the documents, but Hrafnsson insisted that WikiLeaks had done nothing illegal.

“There has been a lot of talk about legal actions taken against Wikileaks and Julian, about how we have done something illegal, that we are criminals, but we have not seen any reference to how we are supposed to have broken the law,” he said.

share save 120 16 Julian Assange faces assassination risk: WikiLeaks spokesman




And yet more signs pointing to CIA connections ot Assange:

Assange Accuser Worked with US-Funded, CIA-Tied Anti-Castro Group

December 5, 2010 
by legitgov

Ah, then came the dawn. Assange Accuser Worked with US-Funded, CIA-Tied Anti-Castro Group By Kirk James Murphy, M.D. 04 Dec 2010 [As reported by Israel Shamir and Paul Bennett in Counterpunch in September]

Julian Assange’s chief accuser in Sweden has a significant history of work with anti-Castro groups, at least one of which is US funded and openly supported by a former CIA agent convicted in the mass murder of seventy three Cubans on an airliner he [Luis Posada Carilles] was involved in blowing up... Who is Julian Assange’s chief accuser in Sweden? She’s a gender equity officer at Uppsula University -- who chose to associate with a US funded group openly supported by a convicted terrorist and mass murderer.  She just happens to have her work published by a very well funded group connected with Union Liberal Cubana -- whose leader, Carlos Alberto Montaner, in turn just happened to pop up on right wing Colombian TV a few hours after the right-wing coup in Honduras.

http://www.legitgov.org/Assange-Accuser-Worked-US-Funded-CIA-Tied-Anti-Castro-Group


Julian Assange is Controlled Opposition Under Mind Control
http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=194294.0

NSA nexus: former Google security boss Ben Laurie on Wikileaks' advisory board!!
http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=194274.0

Assange literally in bed with CIA asset/operative: his Swedish accuser is CIA op
http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=194293.0


« on: August 21, 2010, 09:04:27 am »

Wikileaks founder Julian Assange accused of rape

Swedish authorities issue an arrest warrant for the founder of whistleblowers' website on suspicion of rape and molestation

    * David Batty and agencies
    * guardian.co.uk, Saturday 21 August 2010 13.20 BST 


Wikileaks founder Julian Assange. Photograph: Andrew Winning/Reuters

Swedish authorities have issued an arrest warrant for Wikileaks founder Julian Assange on suspicion of molestation and rape.

The warrant was issued late yesterday, said a spokeswoman at Sweden's prosecutors' office in Stockholm.

She said Assange should contact the Swedish police for questioning about the accusations of molestation and rape in two separate cases "so that he can be confronted with the suspicions".

Assange has denied the charges, which were first reported by the Swedish tabloid Expressen, on Wikileaks' Twitter account.

He implied that they were linked to the release by the whistleblowers' website of a huge cache of US military records on the Afghan war, which were published in collaboration with the Guardian and two other newspapers.

Assange wrote: "The charges are without basis and their issue at this moment is deeply disturbing."

Earlier postings on the Twitter account implied the accusations were part of a dirty tricks campaign against the Wikileaks founder, who has been strongly criticised by the Pentagon.

"Expressen is a tabloid; No one here has been contacted by Swedish police. Needless to say, this will prove hugely distracting.

"We were warned to expect 'dirty tricks'. Now we have the first one."

Last month Wikileaks released around 77,000 secret US military documents on the war in Afghanistan.

US authorities criticised the leak, saying it could put the lives of Nato troops and Afghan informants at risk.

Assange has said that Wikileaks intends to release a further 15,000 documents in the coming weeks - a pledge condemned by the Pentagon, which has demanded the deletion of the files from the website.

Assange, an Australian citizen, was in Sweden last week to apply for a publishing certificate to make sure the website, which has servers in Sweden, can take full advantage of Swedish laws protecting whistleblowers.

He also gave a talk about his work and defended the decision by Wikileaks to publish the Afghan war logs.
« Last Edit: December 06, 2010, 09:36:30 am by Route

sex crimes charges against him in Sweden are a smear campaign

Swedish prosecutor resurrects Wikileaks sex case

A Swedish prosecutor says she has enough evidence to continue investigating a molestation allegation against WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, days after deciding not to open a rape probe against him.

"The suspicion against him remains," chief prosecutor Eva Finne said following days of deliberation.

Swedish prosecutors on Friday night issued an arrest warrant for Assange over an allegation of rape, but Ms Finne abruptly withdrew it on Saturday, saying new information had come to light.

"Assange is no longer suspected of rape but the charges against him concerning the crime of molesting (sic) is still a fact," she said.

Ms Finne said she had looked into whether the discarded rape charges should be reduced to suspicion of a lesser crime, but had decided that in that particular case "there are no grounds to suspect a crime".

Mr Assange, a 39-year-old Australian, has said the claims are part of a "smear campaign" aimed at discrediting his whistleblowing website, which is locked in a row with the Pentagon over the release of secret US documents about the war in Afghanistan.

WikiLeaks published nearly 77,000 classified US military documents on the war in Afghanistan on July 23 and has said it will publish another 15,000 within the next couple of weeks.

The site, which has also previously leaked information leading to shocking revelations in places ranging from Iraq to Iceland, has also said it will release a leaked CIA paper, without providing further details.

Mr Assange has hired one of Sweden's top defence attorneys, Leif Silbersky, who has described the whole case as "scandalous".

"He has been stigmatised around the whole world as a rapist and then, when a competent prosecutor looks into the case, it is boiled down to the lowest level of criminality," he told the TT news agency.

- AFP

Assange says 'enemies' to blame for rape claim

Wikileaks founder Julian Assange resurfaced yesterday to dismiss as a smear a false rape claim that led to a warrant for his arrest being issued over the weekend then dropped just hours later. But as he remained under investigation in Sweden over a separate allegation of sexual molestation, one of his accusers gave her side of the story to a Swedish newspaper.

The man behind the controversial website that last month released more than 76,000 classified documents about the war in Afghanistan – and plans to release a further 15,000 in the coming weeks – had been visiting Sweden in an effort to secure legal protection for WikiLeaks.

The alleged sexual assault is claimed to have been committed in a Stockholm apartment on the night of 13 August; the discredited rape accusation centred around the nearby city of Enköping. A warrant for Mr Assange's arrest was issued on Friday, and Swedish police are understood to have been searching for him for some 18 hours before the charge was dropped on Saturday afternoon.

After becoming the public face of WikiLeaks in recent months, Mr Assange had admitted he was expecting personal attacks as part of an effort by the political establishment to discredit him. He said he had been warned about "sex traps" and believed the allegations would do "great harm".

He told the Aftonbladet newspaper: "There have been headlines all over the world about my being accused of rape. They won't just disappear. And I know by experience that WikiLeaks' enemies will continue to bandy around things even after they have been renounced. I don't know who's behind this but we have been warned that, for example, the Pentagon plans to use dirty tricks to spoil things for us."

Mr Assange refused to clarify whether he had in fact had sex during his stay in Sweden, saying he did not want to "drag people's private lives through the dirt". But he said he had "never, whether in Sweden or in any other country, had sex with anyone in a way that is not founded on mutual consent."

The anonymous woman accusing Mr Assange of molestation – a term that covers a broad range of offences involving inappropriate physical contact under Swedish law, and can result in fines or up to one year in prison – denied that she was part of a conspiracy. "The charges against Assange are of course neither staged by the Pentagon nor someone else," she said. "The responsibility for what happened to me and the other girl lies with a man who has a skewed perception of women and who has problems taking no for an answer."

Yet she seemed to contradict this by adding: "It is completely wrong to say that we would be afraid of Assange and therefore did not want to report him. He is not violent and I do not feel threatened by him."

The woman told Aftonbladet that both cases had involved mutually consensual sex which had escalated into assaults. "The other woman wanted to report rape," she said. "I gave my story as testimony to her story and to support her. I immediately believed her story, since it was very similar to the experiences I had myself."

A spokesperson for the Swedish prosecuter, Karin Rosander, told The Independent: "I'm not surprised that these rumours come up regarding this very well-known person." But she defended the move to place Mr Assange under arrest, saying the warrant was issued late on Friday by an on-call prosecutor. "The prosecutor who took over the case had more information, and that is why she made a different assessment than the on-call prosecutor."

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/assange-says-enemies-to-blame-for-rape-claim-2059354.html

Wikileaks man says Pentagon may be behind rape claims



STOCKHOLM (AFP) – Wikileaks founder Julian Assange said in an interview published on Sunday that he believes the Pentagon could be behind a rape accusation against him that was later dropped by Swedish prosecutors.

The country's prosecution service meanwhile justified the chaotic situation when authorities first issued an arrest warrant for the Australian whistleblower late on Friday night but then withdrew it the following day.

The Aftonbladet newspaper quoted Assange, 39, as saying he did not know who was "hiding behind" the claims, which came amid a stand-off with Washington over the website's publication of secret Afghan war documents.

Assange said he was shocked by the allegations against him and that he had never had sexual relations with anybody in a way that was not consensual, the tabloid said.

But he said that he had been warned previously that groups such as the Pentagon "could use dirty tricks" to destroy Wikileaks -- adding that he had been particularly warned against being entrapped by sexual scandals.

Assange told Aftonbladet that despite the lifting of the warrant, his enemies would still use the claims to damage Wikileaks, which is set to publish thousands more secret papers about the war in Afghanistan in coming weeks.

He refused to give more details about the two women whose claims sparked the furore, saying that it would impinge on their privacy.

Prosecutors said Saturday that Assange was now "not suspected of rape" and was no longer wanted for questioning on the charge, but added that an investigation into a separate molestation charge remained open.

Assange, Wikileaks website and his aides have strongly denied all the claims.

He had been in Sweden earlier this month giving a press conference on the upcoming release of the last batch of Afghanistan documents, but he generally remains on the move around the world staying with supporters.

The Swedish prosecutor's office issued a statement on Sunday defending its actions.

It said that chief prosecutor Eva Finne, who was responsible for withdrawing the arrest warrant, had "more information available to decide on Saturday than the duty prosecutor on Friday evening."

"A decision regarding restrictive measures, such as this, must always be reevaluated in a preliminary inquiry," the statement added.

The spokeswoman for the prosecutor's office, Karin Rosander, told AFP late Saturday that the procedure followed was normal and would have been launched automatically by the duty prosecutor in serious cases such as rape.

In an interview in the Expressen newspaper, which broke the story, duty prosecutor Maria Haljebo Kjellstrand said that she "did not regret her decision".

The two women who originally made the claims did not make an official complaint and it was the police who took the decision to inform the prosecutors office, she said.

"I received a report from the police which seemed to me to be sufficient to arrest him. On Friday evening I got a call from the police describing what the women said. The information I received was convincing enough for me to take my decision," Hljebo Kjellstrand was quoted as saying.

WikiLeaks has already released nearly 77,000 secret papers about the war against the Taliban and Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan, sparking charges that it had endangered the lives of informants and others named therein.

The website says it had repeatedly asked the Pentagon for help analysing the remaining documents, and Assange has said he wants to avoid publishing the "names of innocent parties that are under reasonable threat".

http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20100822/en_afp/swedencrimeintelligenceinternetwikileaks_11


in related news:

Prosecutors Eye WikiLeaks Charges 

WASHINGTON—Pentagon lawyers believe that online whistleblower group WikiLeaks acted illegally in disclosing thousands of classified Afghanistan war reports and other material, and federal prosecutors are exploring possible criminal charges, officials familiar with the matter said.

A joint investigation by the Army and the Federal Bureau of Investigation is still in its early stages and it is unclear what course the Department of Justice will decide to take, according to a U.S. law-enforcement official. 

He said WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange had not been identified by the FBI as a target of the probe.

WikiLeaks in late July posted on its website some 76,000 classified military documents, the largest such disclosure since the release of the Pentagon Papers in 1971. It has promised to publish another 15,000 documents from the cache it obtained. The disclosure infuriated the Pentagon, which warned that the release could endanger allies in Afghanistan and undercut the war effort.

Several officials said the Defense and Justice departments were now exploring legal options for prosecuting Mr. Assange and others involved on grounds they encouraged the theft of government property.

Bringing a case against WikiLeaks would be controversial and complicated, and would expose the Obama administration to criticism for pursuing not just government leakers, but organizations that disseminate their information.

The increasingly confrontational tone could be part of Pentagon efforts to dissuade WikiLeaks from posting online the yet-to-be-published documents in its possession.

"It is the view of the Department of Defense that WikiLeaks obtained this material in circumstances that constitute a violation of United States law, and that as long as WikiLeaks holds this material, the violation of the law is ongoing," Defense Department General Counsel Jeh Charles Johnson wrote in a letter this week to a WikiLeaks lawyer.

The letter did not spell out what those circumstances were.

People familiar with the matter said investigators and government lawyers were looking at whether WikiLeaks pressed or encouraged army intelligence analyst Pfc. Bradley Manning to leak the Afghan war logs after the army private provided the group with a classified Iraq video.

Such a finding could increase the chances that prosecutors will pursue charges against WikiLeaks, legal experts said.

Steven Aftergood, head of the project on government secrecy at the Federation of American Scientists, said U.S. law gives prosecutors a number of tools they could use to prosecute WikiLeaks, such as alleging the group was an accessory to a crime or had unlawfully taken possession of stolen property. If WikiLeaks actively encouraged the transfer of classified documents, the government could allege the group was part of a conspiracy, he said.

At issue is whether WikiLeaks should be afforded the same legal protections as a traditional media outlet.

Legal experts said the government may view WikiLeaks differently because of the way it gathers and publishes information. Its website actively solicits classified material and promises leaking is "safe, easy and protected by law."

When established news organizations obtain classified information, they rarely publish it wholesale or without first consulting the government to authenticate the information and to ensure it doesn't compromise national security. WikiLeaks' model eschews that step.

"If WikiLeaks thought it would make the last move and the government would not respond, they may be mistaken," said Mr. Aftergood. "But it would be a terrible new precedent if these legal options were actually employed against a publisher, even a disreputable one. Once such measures were used against WikiLeaks, it would only be a matter of time until they are used against other media outlets and individuals."

Pentagon Press Secretary Geoff Morrell declined to comment on the investigation but said, "We believe at a minimum that WikiLeaks has behaved in a reckless and irresponsible manner."

The Army unit conducting the investigation and the FBI declined to comment.

The lawyer working with WikiLeaks, Timothy Matusheski, said he had been told by a member of the Army Criminal Investigative Division unit investigating the case that Mr. Assange—an Australian national —"was not a subject or target of any investigation."

The U.S. law-enforcement official said that Mr. Assange was not a target, but Mr. Johnson's letter may signal a shift, at least in terms of the Pentagon's thinking, Mr. Matusheski said. "They accuse him of breaking the law," he said of Mr. Assange. "But they haven't said what law."

Pfc. Manning, a 22-year-old private, worked in intelligence operations in Baghdad. He was supposed to be examining intelligence relevant to Iraq, but defense officials said Pfc. Manning used his "Top Secret/SCI" clearance to tap into documents around the world.

Pfc. Manning was charged by the military in July with illegally taking secret State Department files and disseminating the classified video, later released by WikiLeaks, showing a U.S. military helicopter firing on a group of people in Baghdad. Two Reuters journalists and seven other people were killed in the 2007 incident.

Going after WikiLeaks or Mr. Assange personally would be complicated. Not only is Mr. Assange not an American, but "I don't know WikiLeaks has a presence in the United States except for a website," Mr. Matusheski said.

The classified documents cover the Afghan war from 2004 through 2009. The Pentagon this week rebuffed a WikiLeaks request for help reviewing the remaining documents, demanding that the group instead return all of the logs to the U.S. government.

The Pentagon said the 15,000 additional documents, like the initial batch, contained the names of Afghans who have helped the U.S. war effort and who could be targeted by the Taliban if their identities were made public. But officials have played down the impact of the leak on military strategy, saying they revealed little new.

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704488404575441673460880204.html?mod=WSJ_hpp_sections_news


i think we all know who is behind it.

Above all, we must realize that no arsenal or no weapon in the arsenals of the world is so formidable as the will and moral courage of free men and women.
~Ronald Reagan, First Inaugural Address, January 20, 1981


Assange told Al Jazeera on Sunday that while he had been forewarned by Australian intelligence on August 11 to expect a campaign against him, it was unclear who was behind it.

http://english.aljazeera.net/news/europe/2010/08/2010822135529927326.html

Above all, we must realize that no arsenal or no weapon in the arsenals of the world is so formidable as the will and moral courage of free men and women.
~Ronald Reagan, First Inaugural Address, January 20, 1981

Assange claims 'smear campaign' 

Julian Assange, founder of the whistle-blowing website Wikileaks, has said the now-dropped charge of rape levelled against him in Sweden was "a smear campaign".

Assange told Al Jazeera on Sunday that while he had been forewarned by Australian intelligence on August 11 to expect a campaign against him, it was unclear who was behind it.

"It is clearly a smear campaign ... the only question is who was involved.

"We can have some suspicions about who would benefit, but without direct evidence I would not be willing to make a direct allegation."

'No mistake'

Swedish authorities had initially issued a warrant for Assange's arrest on Friday night, but dropped the warrant and the rape charge the next day.

Eva Finne, the country's chief prosecutor, reviewed the evidence and withdrew the warrant for his arrest,deciding there was "no longer reason to believe" Assange had committed rape, Karin Rosander, a spokeswoman for Finne, said.

"You can't call it a mistake because the prosecutor in question has to make a decision based on the information available at the moment of the decision," Rosander told Al Jazeera on Sunday.

Finne's office has not contacted Assange and is not searching for him and will make a decision whether to pursue the molestation charge later this week, Rosander said.

The charges against Assange, which come around a month after Wikileaks incensed the US government by releasing a trove of American military informationabout the war in Afghanistan, quickly spread around the internet.

Leaked US documents

After the Swedish tabloid Expressen first published reportsthat the arrest warrant had been issued for Assange, Wikileaks responded on Twitter:"We were warned to expect 'dirty tricks.' Now we have the first one.

"No one here has been contacted by Swedish police. Needless to say this will prove hugely distracting."

Assange's organisation caused controversy in Julywhen it released 75,000 classified US military reports containing information about the Nato war effort in Afghanistan.

The US government condemned the release of the documents, saying the website had "blood on its hands" for naming people who had helped its military against groups such as the Taliban and al-Qaeda, and ordered Wikileaks to return the files.

Wikileaks, meanwhile, has said it is plans to reveal more of the remaining 15,000 classified documents it holds, possibly this month or next month.

Two alleged victims

Two women in their twenties made the allegations against Assange, according to Al Jazeera's Paul Brennan, reporting from London.

One woman claimed Assange raped her last weekend in Stockholm, while another alleged he molested her on Tuesday in a separate town in Sweden, Brennan said.

"I think it's quite natural that these rumors happen in a very famous case like this, and I'm not surprised at all," Rosander, the prosecutor's spokeswoman, told Al Jazeera.

She said she could not give any details on the allegations.

Assange was in Sweden last week partly to apply for a publishing certificate to maintain the advantages it receives from the country's whistle-blowing protection laws. Wikileaks also has many of its servers in Sweden.

http://english.aljazeera.net/news/europe/2010/08/2010822135529927326.html

Above all, we must realize that no arsenal or no weapon in the arsenals of the world is so formidable as the will and moral courage of free men and women.
~Ronald Reagan, First Inaugural Address, January 20, 1981

I guess he has learned his lesson and will now tow the NWO line.

LESSON: "work with us or go to prison"

Sweden drops arrest warrant for WikiLeaks founder

By Mia Shanley
STOCKHOLM | Sat Aug 21, 2010 10:34pm EDT

STOCKHOLM (Reuters) - Swedish authorities issued an arrest warrant for the founder of the whistle-blowing website WikiLeaks on Saturday on suspicion of rape, but then swiftly withdrew it.

Chief Prosecutor Eva Finne determined there were not enough grounds for the warrant for Assange, whose website last month published secret U.S. military files on Afghanistan, the Swedish Prosecution Authority said on its website.

"... he is no longer suspected of rape. All the charges concerning rape have been lifted," a spokeswoman for the office said. A police investigation continues into another accusation, of molestation.

Assange, who is Australian by birth, told WikiLeaks' Twitter page the charges were "without basis" and that their timing was "deeply disturbing."

http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE67K0ZU20100822

Above all, we must realize that no arsenal or no weapon in the arsenals of the world is so formidable as the will and moral courage of free men and women.
~Ronald Reagan, First Inaugural Address, January 20, 1981

Sweden drops arrest warrant for WikiLeaks founder

By Mia Shanley
STOCKHOLM | Sat Aug 21, 2010 10:34pm EDT

STOCKHOLM (Reuters) - Swedish authorities issued an arrest warrant for the founder of the whistle-blowing website WikiLeaks on Saturday on suspicion of rape, but then swiftly withdrew it.

Chief Prosecutor Eva Finne determined there were not enough grounds for the warrant for Assange, whose website last month published secret U.S. military files on Afghanistan, the Swedish Prosecution Authority said on its website.

"... he is no longer suspected of rape. All the charges concerning rape have been lifted," a spokeswoman for the office said. A police investigation continues into another accusation, of molestation.

Assange, who is Australian by birth, told WikiLeaks' Twitter page the charges were "without basis" and that their timing was "deeply disturbing."

http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE67K0ZU20100822


Swedish rape warrant for Wikileaks' Assange cancelled


BBC News

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-11049316

August 21, 2010

Sweden has cancelled an arrest warrant for Wikileaks founder Julian Assange on accusations of rape and molestation.

The Swedish Prosecution Authority website said the chief prosecutor had come to the decision that Mr Assange was not suspected of rape but did not give any further explanation.

The warrant was issued late on Friday.

Wikileaks, which has been criticised for leaking Afghan war documents, had quoted Mr Assange as saying the charges were "without basis".

That message, which appeared on Twitter and was attributed directly to Mr Assange, said the appearance of the allegations "at this moment is deeply disturbing".

In a series of other messages posted on the Wikileaks Twitter feed, the whistle-blowing website said: "No-one here has been contacted by Swedish police", and that it had been warned to expect "dirty tricks".

In its "official blog" on Saturday before the warrant was cancelled, Wikileaks said it was "deeply concerned about the seriousness of these allegations. We the people behind Wikileaks think highly of Julian and and he has our full support".

The current whereabouts of Mr Assange, a 39-year-old Australian, are unclear.
More documents

The Swedish Prosecution Authority website said chief prosecutor Eva Finne had come to the decision that Julian Assange was not subject to arrest.

In a brief statement Eva Finne said: "I don't think there is reason to suspect that he has committed rape."

The website said there would be no further immediate comment.

Earlier, Karin Rosander, communications head at Sweden's prosecutors' office, said there were two separate allegations against Mr Assange, one of rape and the other of molestation. She gave no details of the accusations. She said that as far as she knew they related to alleged incidents that took place in Sweden.

Media reports say Mr Assange was in Sweden last week to talk about his work and defend the decision by Wikileaks to publish the Afghan war logs.

Last month, Wikileaks published more than 75,000 secret US military documents on the war in Afghanistan.

US authorities criticised the leak, saying it could put the lives of coalition soldiers and Afghans, especially informers, at risk.

Mr Assange has said that Wikileaks is intending to release a further 15,000 documents in the coming weeks.

Quote
saying less than a day after the document was issued that it was based on an unfounded accusation of rape.

by the Pentagon.


Religions do a useful thing: they narrow God to the limits of man. Philosophy replies by doing a necessary thing: it elevates man to the plane of God.  ~Victor Hugo 

Because one doesn't like the way things are is no reason to be unjust towards God.  ~Victor Hugo



Prosecutors: Rape Claims against Assange Bogus
http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2010/08/21/world/main6793072.shtml

Arrest Warrants Withdrawn against WikiLeaks Founder; No Reason to Suspect He Committed Rapes, Official Says

(AP)   Swedish prosecutors withdrew an arrest warrant for the founder of WikiLeaks on Saturday, saying less than a day after the document was issued that it was based on an unfounded accusation of rape.

The accusation had been labeled a dirty trick by Julian Assange and his group, who are preparing to release a fresh batch of classified U.S. documents from the Afghan war.

Swedish prosecutors had urged Assange - a nomadic 39-year-old Australian whose whereabouts were unclear - to turn himself in to police to face questioning in one case involving suspicions of rape and another based on an accusation of molestation.

"I don't think there is reason to suspect that he has committed rape," chief prosecutor Eva Finne said, in announcing the withdrawal of the warrant. She did not address the status of the molestation case, a less serious charge that would not lead to an arrest warrant.

Prosecutors did not answer phone calls seeking further comment.

Assange had dismissed the rape allegations in a statement on WikiLeaks' Twitter page, saying "the charges are without basis and their issue at this moment is deeply disturbing." His whereabouts were not immediately known.

He was in Sweden last week seeking legal protection for the whistle-blower website, which angered the Obama administration for publishing thousands of leaked documents about U.S. military activities in Iraq and Afghanistan.

The first files in Wikileaks' "Afghan War Diary" revealed classified military documents covering the war in Afghanistan from 2004 to 2010. Assange said Wednesday that WikiLeaks plans to release a new batch of 15,000 documents from the Afghan war within weeks.

The Pentagon says the information could risk the lives of U.S. troops and their Afghan helpers and have demanded WikiLeaks return all leaked documents and remove them from the Internet.

Assange has no permanent address and travels frequently - jumping from one friend's place to the next. He disappears from public view for months at a time, only to reappear in the full glare of the cameras at packed news conferences to discuss his site's latest disclosure.

Assange declined to talk about his background at a news conference in Stockholm a week ago. Equally secretive is the small team behind WikiLeaks, reportedly just a half-dozen people and casual volunteers who offer their services as needed.

A WikiLeaks spokesman, who says he goes by the name Daniel Schmitt in order to protect his identity, told The Associated Press in a telephone interview from Iceland that the "extremely serious allegations" came as a complete surprise.

Apart from the comment from Assange, WikiLeaks' Twitter page had a link to an article in Swedish tabloid Expressen, which first reported the allegations.

"We were warned to expect 'dirty tricks.' Now we have the first one," it said.

Assange was in Sweden last week partly to apply for a publishing certificate to make sure the website, which has servers in Sweden, can take full advantage of Swedish laws protecting whistle-blowers.

He also spoke at a seminar hosted by the Christian faction of the opposition Social Democratic party and announced he would write bimonthly columns for a left-wing Swedish newspaper.

Religions do a useful thing: they narrow God to the limits of man. Philosophy replies by doing a necessary thing: it elevates man to the plane of God.  ~Victor Hugo 

Because one doesn't like the way things are is no reason to be unjust towards God.  ~Victor Hugo

Assange: Rape Charge 'Without Basis'

Sweden issues arrest warrant

http://www.newser.com/story/98613/assange-rape-charge-without-basis.html

  (AP)  – A Swedish tabloid reports today that an arrest warrant has been issued for WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange on suspicion of rape, and officials said they could confirm "media reports." Assange addressed the report on WikiLeaks' Twitter page, saying "the charges are without basis and their issue at this moment is deeply disturbing."

The prosecutor's office in Stockholm issued a brief statement saying it "confirms media reports that a foreign citizen has been arrested in absentia" but didn't name Assange. "The arrest refers to two separate events, one complaint of molestation and one complaint of rape," the statement said. Assange was in Sweden last week partly to apply for a publishing certificate to make sure the website, which has servers in Sweden, can take full advantage of Swedish laws protecting whistle-blowers.


WikiLeaks Founder Suspected of Rape in Sweden

Authorities Issue Arrest Warrant for Julian Assange in Two Separate Cases; Assange Denies Charges as "Without Basis"

http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2010/08/21/world/main6792668.shtml

(AP)   Updated at 10:25 a.m. Eastern

WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange was accused of rape and molestation in a Swedish arrest warrant Saturday that turned the spotlight onto the nomadic former hacker who's infuriated governments worldwide with his self-proclaimed mission to put secrets into the public eye.

The accusation was labeled a dirty trick by the 39-year-old Australian and his group, who are preparing to release the next batch of classified documents from the Afghan war.

Swedish prosecutors urged Assange - whose whereabouts were unclear - to turn himself in to police to face questioning in two separate cases involving suspicions of rape and molestation, respectively.

They issued a warrant for his arrest, a move that doesn't necessarily mean that criminal charges will be filed. Investigators want him in custody because they believe there is a risk he will obstruct the probe by destroying evidence, said Karin Rosander, a spokeswoman for the Swedish Prosecution Authority.

"The next step is that we interrogate him," she said. "Then we'll see what happens."

Assange has no permanent address and travels frequently - jumping from one friend's place to the next. He disappears from public view for months at a time, only to reappear in the full glare of the cameras at packed news conferences to discuss his site's latest disclosure.

He was in Sweden last week seeking legal protection for the whistle-blower website, which angered the Obama administration for publishing thousands of leaked documents about U.S. military activities in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Assange dismissed the rape allegations in a statement on WikiLeaks' Twitter page, saying "the charges are without basis and their issue at this moment is deeply disturbing."

The first files in its "Afghan War Diary" laid bare classified military documents covering the war in Afghanistan from 2004 to 2010. Assange said Wednesday that WikiLeaks plans to release a new batch of 15,000 documents from the Afghan war within weeks.

The Pentagon says the information could risk the lives of U.S. troops and their Afghan helpers and have demanded WikiLeaks return all leaked documents and remove them from the Internet.

Little is known about Assange's private life - he declined to talk about his background at a news conference in Stockholm a week ago. Equally secretive is the small team behind WikiLeaks, reportedly just a half-dozen people and casual volunteers who offer their services as needed.

A WikiLeaks spokesman, who says he goes by the name Daniel Schmitt in order to protect his identity, told The Associated Press in a telephone interview from Iceland that the "extremely serious allegations" came as a complete surprise and that efforts to find lawyers for Assange are under way.

"We are currently looking into the matter," Schmitt said. It will be resolved within the coming weeks and months, he added.

WikiLeaks also commented on the allegations on its Twitter page. Apart from the comment from Assange, the page had a link to an article in Swedish tabloid Expressen, which first reported the allegations.

"We were warned to expect 'dirty tricks.' Now we have the first one," one Tweet said.

"Expressen is a tabloid; No one here has been contacted by Swedish police. Needless to say this will prove hugely distracting," said another.

Assange was in Sweden last week partly to apply for a publishing certificate to make sure the website, which has servers in Sweden, can take full advantage of Swedish laws protecting whistle-blowers.

He also spoke at a seminar hosted by the Christian faction of the opposition Social Democratic party and announced he would write bimonthly columns for a left-wing Swedish newspaper.

conveient. 

"Frame Up"

« Reply #1 on: August 21, 2010, 09:12:05 am »

conveient.

 




I fight for that One Family.

That one Family who is not next in line for the ravages of New World Order.

It will stop.  That One Family who was "next" will be FREE !

Typical setup.  I am sick of how legislation is so corrupt that it is used only for the elite to neutralize whomever they choose.  This is right along with the populace in destroying families and creating chaos.

Love, e


Read the documents

Download the complete set

As a regular ZIP file
As a regular Unix / Linux files

http://ukginger.net/WikiLeaks-CableGate.tar.gz 
OR
http://ukginger.net/WikiLeaks-CableGate.tar.bz


PLEASE MIRROR !

The Original Wikileaks Set is 7-ZIP and you will need a tool to uncompress this less mainstream file format http://cablegate.wikileaks.org/static/cablegate-201011300718.7z see website for details on 7-ZIP http://www.7-zip.org/

Now they have issued an international interpol warrant...

And I'm fed up with just about every interest group making conflicting claims as to what is contained in the WikiLeaks Documents . . .

Please consider actually reading some of the docs instead of speculation.

 I also want to add that maybe Assange is a leftist hoax. A guy made for satisfying the leftists folks carvings for antiwar news reports in the mainstream media. And at the same time build trust into mainstream media. Making an illusion that the mainstream media is covering controversial stuff.

Why didn't the mainstream media pick up ambassador Craig Murray story?
http://www.therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=74&jumival=4394
http://www.therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=74&jumival=4385

Instead they send "military recruitment videos"* that we all have seen before from the war in Iraq and Bosnia.
*Many right wing folks seems to get excited by seeing things blown up. The military know, that is why they are using these videos in recruitment videos.

Operation flicker
http://www.boston.com/news/nation/washington/articles/2010/07/23/pentagon_workers_tied_to_child_porn/
http://cryptome.org/dodi/op-flicker.zip

Maybe some off these folks are involved in spreading rumors about Assange.

Anyway I share the same suspicion as John Joung on wikileaks.
This kind of videos are used in recruitment videos for the military.
Also the illusion that Assange have to travel around the world to stay out of sight is rather ridiculous. Do he travel by plane? If so, he can't be that hard to catch.

Religions do a useful thing: they narrow God to the limits of man. Philosophy replies by doing a necessary thing: it elevates man to the plane of God.  ~Victor Hugo 

Because one doesn't like the way things are is no reason to be unjust towards God.  ~Victor Hugo




                                                                 Julian Assange says he could be killed in US jail

Julian Assange WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange outside Beccles police station in Suffolk, which he has to visit every day as one of the terms of his bail. Photograph: Paul Hackett/Reuters

The Guardian article: http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2010/dec/23/julian-assa...


The Guardian article: http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2010/dec/23/julian-assa...

Julian Assange: my fate will rest in Cameron's hands if US charges me

WikiLeaks founder says it would be 'politically impossible' for Britain to extradite him to the US

Luke Harding

guardian.co.uk, Thursday 23 December 2010

Article history

Julian Assange said today that it would be "politically impossible" for Britain to extradite him to the United States, and that the final word on his fate if he were charged with espionage would rest with David Cameron.

In an interview with the Guardian in Ellingham Hall, the Norfolk country mansion where he is living under virtual house arrest, the founder of WikiLeaks said it would be difficult for the prime minister to hand him over to the Americans if there was strong support for him from the British people.

"It's all a matter of politics. We can presume there will be an attempt to influence UK political opinion, and to influence the perception of our standing as a moral actor," he said.

Assange is currently fighting extradition to Sweden. He strongly denies allegations of sexual misconduct with two Swedish women. But he believes the biggest threat to his freedom and to WikiLeaks, his whistleblowing website, emanates from a wrathful United States.

There is no evidence of any imminent US move to indict him. But according to Assange, the Obama administration is "trying to strike a plea deal" with Bradley Manning, the 23-year-old intelligence officer and alleged source of the more than a quarter of a million US diplomatic cables embarrassingly leaked last month. The US attorney general, Eric Holder, wants to indict Assange as a co-conspirator and is also examining "computer hacking statutes and support for terrorism", Assange claims.

Sitting in front of a log fire, his Apple MacBook Pro perched on his lap, Assange said his recent nine-day spell in Wandsworth jail had prepared him for the possibility that he might spend a long period in prison if indicted by the US. He said the prospect of solitary confinement was no longer an "intellectual abstraction" but a reality. The high court bailed him to Norfolk last Thursday, with his extradition hearing scheduled for 6-7 February.

He said: "Solitary confinement is very difficult. But I know that provided there is some opportunity for correspondence I can withstand it. I'm mentally robust. Of course it would mean the end of my life in the conventional sense."

If the US succeeded in removing him from the UK or Sweden, Assange said there was a "high chance" of him being killed "Jack Ruby-style" in the US prison system.

Since moving to Ellingham Hall, a Georgian country house and organic farm owned by his friend and supporter Vaughan Smith, Assange has given numerous media interviews. But he said he was fed up with the press and described an interview with BBC Radio 4's Today programme – in which John Humphrys grilled him on how many people he had slept with – as "awful".

Assange also took issue with a lengthy report in Saturday's Guardian setting out the prosecution allegations against him in Sweden. Assange acknowledged that the Guardian had a right to publish the material, dealing with his alleged encounters with the women. But he said it had been "sub-selected" and not placed properly in context. Swedish prosecutors have demanded that he return to Sweden to face further questions about the allegations.

Assange also said WikiLeaks did not have enough money to pay its legal bills, even though "a lot of generous lawyers have donated their time to us". He said legal costs for WikiLeaks and his own defence were approaching £500,000. The decisions by Visa, MasterCard and PayPal to stop processing donations to WikiLeaks – apparently following US pressure – had robbed the website of a "war chest" of around €500,000, he complained. This would have been enough to fund WikiLeaks' publishing operations for six months. At its peak the organisation was receiving €100,000 a day, he said.

According to publishing sources, however, Assange can take cheer from the fact that he has secured a seven-figure advance for a book about WikiLeaks and his life story. The sources suggest he is likely to receive £250,000 himself, allowing him to pay off some of his debts and to settle his personal defence fund, currently "paralysed". The book is to be published in the spring by Knopf in the US and Canongate in the UK, the sources suggest.

Assange – who has to wear his electronic tag in the bath, and report every day to Beccles police station – confessed he has no idea where he will be in a year's time. He described the next chapter in his life as "not yet predictable.

"Legally the UK has the right to not extradite for political crimes. Espionage is the classic case of political crimes. It is at the discretion of the UK government as to whether to apply to that exception."

He argued that Cameron and Nick Clegg were in a stronger position than the previous, Labour government to resist his extradition by Washington. "There is a new government, which wants to show it hasn't yet been co-opted by the US," he said, claiming that the security services – British and Australian – had a history of spying on and unduly influencing Labour politicians.

Many WikiLeaks supporters have now gone home for Christmas, leaving Assange with a scaled-down team over the holiday period, on an estate where the pheasant and grouse greatly outnumber the humans.

His immediate plan, he said, was to rest after a gruelling couple of months and then to continue with the staged global release of redacted US state department cables in the new year. Physically, he appeared somewhat wrung out, although very much composed and in good spirits.

Assange defended one of WikiLeaks' collaborators, Israel Shamir, following claims Shamir passed sensitive cables to Belarus's dictator, Alexander Lukashenko. Lukashenko has arrested 600 opposition supporters and journalists since Sunday's presidential election. The whereabouts and fate of several of the president's high-profile opponents are unknown.

Of Shamir, Assange said: "WikiLeaks works with hundreds of journalists from different regions of the world. All are required to sign non-disclosure agreements and are generally only given limited review access to material relating to their region. We have no reason to believe these rumours in relation to Belarus are true."

Over the past month the Guardian has published more than 200 articles based on the trove of US diplomatic dispatches obtained by WikiLeaks, and 739 of the cables themselves. All cables published by the Guardian and the four other international news organisations who had exclusive early access to the material have been carefully redacted to protect sources who could be placed in danger, and the redacted versions have been passed to WikiLeaks.

WikiLeaks now plans to begin sharing the cables with a wider group of regional news organisations. Julian Assange says all future cables released by WikiLeaks will either be redacted by other partner news organisations, or by WikiLeaks itself. The Guardian and its partners in the project, the New York Times, Der Spiegel, El Pais and Le Monde, will continue to share redactions with WikiLeaks for any cables they publish in future.



http://www.democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboard.php?az=view_all&address=102x4671950

Julian Assange says he could be killed in US jail

Edited on Thu Dec-23-10 10:24 PM by Turborama
Source: AFP

WIKILEAKS chief Julian Assange says there is a "high chance" he would be killed in a US jail if he were to be extradited from Britain on espionage charges.


The Australian is on bail in Britain fighting a bid by Sweden to extradite him over sex assault claims, but Washington is believed to be considering how to indict him over the leaking of thousands of US diplomatic cables.

Mr Assange told The Guardian it would be "politically impossible" for Britain to send him across the Atlantic, adding that the government of Prime Minister David Cameron would want to show it had not been "co-opted" by Washington. "Legally the UK has the right to not extradite for political crimes. Espionage is the classic case of political crimes. It is at the discretion of the UK government as to whether to apply to that exception," he said.

Mr Assange added that if the United States succeeded in getting him extradited from Britain or Sweden, then there was a "high chance" of him being killed "Jack Ruby-style" in an American prison.

Read more: http://www.news.com.au/breaking-news/julian-assange-say...



The Guardian article: http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2010/dec/23/julian-assa...

A historical refresher for anyone who might not know what Jack Ruby did...

On Sunday, November 24 Oswald was being led through the basement of Dallas Police Headquarters preparatory to his transfer to the county jail when, at 11:21 a.m., Dallas nightclub operator Jack Ruby stepped from the crowd and shot Oswald in the abdomen. Oswald died at 1:07 p.m. at Parkland Memorial Hospital—the same hospital where Kennedy had died two days earlier.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lee_Harvey_Oswald#Death



WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange.
WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange says there is a "high chance" he would be killed in a US jail.

http://news.ninemsn.com.au/world/8188503/assange-says-he-could-be-killed-in-us-jail

Fri Dec 24 2010

Assange says he could be killed in jail

WikiLeaks chief Julian Assange says there is a "high chance" he would be killed in a US jail if he were to be extradited from Britain on espionage charges.

The Australian is on bail in Britain fighting a bid by Sweden to extradite him over sex assault claims, but Washington is believed to be considering how to indict him over the leaking of thousands of US diplomatic cables.

Assange told The Guardian it would be "politically impossible" for Britain to send him across the Atlantic, adding that the government of Prime Minister David Cameron would want to show it had not been "co-opted" by Washington.

"Legally the UK has the right to not extradite for political crimes. Espionage is the classic case of political crimes. It is at the discretion of the UK government as to whether to apply to that exception," he said.

He said US authorities were "trying to strike a plea deal" with Bradley Manning, the US army soldier suspected of providing WikiLeaks with the cables.

Assange added that if the United States succeeded in getting him extradited from Britain or Sweden, then there was a "high chance" of him being killed "Jack Ruby-style" in an American prison.

Ruby, a nightclub owner, shot dead Lee Harvey Oswald at a police station in Dallas, Texas days after Oswald was arrested for the assassination of US President John F Kennedy in 1963.

Ruby's alleged links to organised crime sparked conspiracy theories about his involvement in an overall plot surrounding the assassination of Kennedy.

Assange has previously said that he and other WikiLeaks staff have received death threats since the website began to release a cache of about 250,000 secret US State Department cables in November.

The 39-year-old has been staying at a friend's country mansion in eastern England since his release from jail last week on strict bail conditions that include reporting to police daily and wearing an electronic tag.

A court in London is due to hold a full hearing on the Swedish extradition request starting February 7.

http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-world/assange-says-he-could-be-killed-in-us-jail-20101224-196z2.html

AFP

WikiLeaks chief Julian Assange says there is a "high chance" he would be killed in a US jail if he were to be extradited from Britain on espionage charges.

The Australian is on bail in Britain fighting a bid by Sweden to extradite him over sex assault claims, but Washington is believed to be considering how to indict him over the leaking of thousands of US diplomatic cables.

Assange told The Guardian it would be "politically impossible" for Britain to send him across the Atlantic, adding that the government of Prime Minister David Cameron would want to show it had not been "co-opted" by Washington.

Advertisement: Story continues below

"Legally the UK has the right to not extradite for political crimes. Espionage is the classic case of political crimes. It is at the discretion of the UK government as to whether to apply to that exception," he said.

He said US authorities were "trying to strike a plea deal" with Bradley Manning, the US army soldier suspected of providing WikiLeaks with the cables.

Assange added that if the United States succeeded in getting him extradited from Britain or Sweden, then there was a "high chance" of him being killed "Jack Ruby-style" in an American prison.

Ruby, a nightclub owner, shot dead Lee Harvey Oswald at a police station in Dallas, Texas days after Oswald was arrested for the assassination of US President John F Kennedy in 1963.

Ruby's alleged links to organised crime sparked conspiracy theories about his involvement in an overall plot surrounding the assassination of Kennedy.

Assange has previously said that he and other WikiLeaks staff have received death threats since the website began to release a cache of about 250,000 secret US State Department cables in November.

The 39-year-old has been staying at a friend's country mansion in eastern England since his release from jail last week on strict bail conditions that include reporting to police daily and wearing an electronic tag.

A court in London is due to hold a full hearing on the Swedish extradition request starting February 7.

http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-world/assange-says-he-could-be-killed-in-us-jail-20101224-196z2.html

Assange says he could be killed in US jail

December 24, 2010

AFP

WikiLeaks chief Julian Assange says there is a "high chance" he would be killed in a US jail if he were to be extradited from Britain on espionage charges.

The Australian is on bail in Britain fighting a bid by Sweden to extradite him over sex assault claims, but Washington is believed to be considering how to indict him over the leaking of thousands of US diplomatic cables.

Assange told The Guardian it would be "politically impossible" for Britain to send him across the Atlantic, adding that the government of Prime Minister David Cameron would want to show it had not been "co-opted" by Washington.

Advertisement: Story continues below

"Legally the UK has the right to not extradite for political crimes. Espionage is the classic case of political crimes. It is at the discretion of the UK government as to whether to apply to that exception," he said.

He said US authorities were "trying to strike a plea deal" with Bradley Manning, the US army soldier suspected of providing WikiLeaks with the cables.

Assange added that if the United States succeeded in getting him extradited from Britain or Sweden, then there was a "high chance" of him being killed "Jack Ruby-style" in an American prison.

Ruby, a nightclub owner, shot dead Lee Harvey Oswald at a police station in Dallas, Texas days after Oswald was arrested for the assassination of US President John F Kennedy in 1963.

Ruby's alleged links to organised crime sparked conspiracy theories about his involvement in an overall plot surrounding the assassination of Kennedy.

Assange has previously said that he and other WikiLeaks staff have received death threats since the website began to release a cache of about 250,000 secret US State Department cables in November.

The 39-year-old has been staying at a friend's country mansion in eastern England since his release from jail last week on strict bail conditions that include reporting to police daily and wearing an electronic tag.

A court in London is due to hold a full hearing on the Swedish extradition request starting February 7.


WikiLeaks

 is an international new media non-profit organisation that publishes submissions of private, secret, and classified media from anonymous news sources andnews leaks. Its website, launched in 2006, is run by The Sunshine Press.[4] Within a year of its launch, the site claimed its database had grown to more than 1.2 million documents.[8] The organisation has described itself as having been founded by Chinesedissidents, as well as journalists, mathematicians, and start-up company technologists from the United States, Taiwan, Europe, Australia, and South Africa.[4] Julian Assange, an Australian Internet activist, is generally described as its director.[9]

WikiLeaks has received praise as well as criticism. The organization won a number of awards, including The Economist's 2008 New Media Award.[10] In June 2009, WikiLeaks and Julian Assange won Amnesty International's UK Media Award, in the category "New Media", for the 2008 publication of "Kenya: The Cry of Blood – Extra Judicial Killings and Disappearances",[11] a report by the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights about police killings in Kenya.[12] In May 2010, New York City's Daily News listed WikiLeaks as first in a ranking of "websites that could totally change the news".[13] Julian Assange was named the Readers' Choice for TIME's Person of the Year for 2010.[14] Several U.S. government officials have criticized WikiLeaks for exposing state secrets, harming national security, and compromising international diplomacy.[15][16][17][18][19] Human rights organizations such as Amnesty International criticized WikiLeaks for not adequately redacting the names of civilians working with the U.S. military.[20] Some journalists have criticized the lack of editorial discretion when releasing thousands of documents at once and without sufficient analysis.[21] Negative public reactions in the United States have characterized the organization as irresponsible, immoral, and illegal.[22][23][24]

In April 2010, WikiLeaks posted video from a 2007 incident in which Iraqi civilians and journalists were killed by US forces, on a website called Collateral Murder. In July of the same year, WikiLeaks released Afghan War Diary, a compilation of more than 76,900 documents about the War in Afghanistan not previously available for public review.[25] In October 2010, the group released a package of almost 400,000 documents called the Iraq War Logs in coordination with major commercial media organisations. In November 2010, WikiLeaks began releasing U.S. State department diplomatic cables.

WikiLeaks was originally launched as a user-editable wiki site, but has progressively moved towards a more traditional publication model, and no longer accepts either user comments or edits. The site is available on multiple servers and different domain names following a number of denial-of-service attacks and its severance from different Domain Name System(DNS) providers.[26][27]\\

History

The wikileaks.org domain name was registered on 4 October 2006.

[5] The website was unveiled, and published its first document in December 2006.[28][29] The site claims to have been "founded by Chinese dissidents, journalists, mathematicians and start-up company technologists, from the US, Taiwan, Europe, Australia and South Africa".[4]

The creators of WikiLeaks have not been formally identified.[30] It has been represented in public since January 2007 by Julian Assangeand others. Assange describes himself as a member of WikiLeaks' advisory board.[31] News reports in The Australian have called Assange the "founder of WikiLeaks".[32] According to Wired magazine, a volunteer said that Assange described himself in a private conversation as "the heart and soul of this organisation, its founder, philosopher, spokesperson, original coder, organiser, financier, and all the rest".[33] As of June 2009, the site had over 1,200 registered volunteers[4] and listed an advisory board comprising Assange,Phillip Adams, Wang Dan, C. J. Hinke, Ben Laurie, Tashi Namgyal Khamsitsang, Xiao Qiang, Chico Whitaker and Wang Youcai.[34]Despite appearing on the list, when contacted by Mother Jones magazine in 2010, Khamsitsang said that while he received an e-mail from WikiLeaks, he had never agreed to be an advisor.[35]

WikiLeaks states that its "primary interest is in exposing oppressive regimes in Asia, the former Soviet bloc, Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East, but we also expect to be of assistance to people of all regions who wish to reveal unethical behaviour in their governments and corporations."[4][36]

In January 2007, the website stated that it had over 1.2 million leaked documents that it was preparing to publish.[37] An article in The New Yorker said:

One of the WikiLeaks activists owned a server that was being used as a node for the Tor network. Millions of secret transmissions passed through it. The activist noticed that hackers from China were using the network to gather foreign governments’ information, and began to record this traffic. Only a small fraction has ever been posted on WikiLeaks, but the initial tranche served as the site’s foundation, and Assange was able to say, "[w]e have received over one million documents from thirteen countries."[29][38]

Assange responded to the suggestion that eavesdropping on Chinese hackers played a crucial part in the early days of WikiLeaks by saying "the imputation is incorrect. The facts concern a 2006 investigation into Chinese espionage one of our contacts were involved in. Somewhere between none and handful of those documents were ever released on WikiLeaks. Non-government targets of the Chinese espionage, such as Tibetan associations were informed (by us)".[39] The group has subsequently released a number of other significant documents which have become front-page news items, ranging from documentation of equipment expenditures and holdings in theAfghanistan war to corruption in Kenya.[40]

The organisation's stated goal is to ensure that whistleblowers and journalists are not jailed for emailing sensitive or classified documents, as happened to Chinese journalist Shi Tao, who was sentenced to 10 years in 2005 after publicising an email from Chinese officials about the anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre.[41]

The project has drawn comparisons to Daniel Ellsberg's leaking of the Pentagon Papers in 1971.[42] In the United States, the leaking of some documents may be legally protected. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the Constitution guarantees anonymity, at least in the area of political discourse.[42] Author and journalist Whitley Strieber has spoken about the benefits of the WikiLeaks project, noting that "Leaking a government document can mean jail, but jail sentences for this can be fairly short. However, there are many places where it means long incarceration or even death, such as China and parts of Africa and the Middle East."[43]

On 24 December 2009, WikiLeaks announced that it was experiencing a shortage of funds[44] and suspended all access to its website except for a form to submit new material.[45] Material that was previously published was no longer available, although some could still be accessed on unofficial mirrors.[46][47] WikiLeaks stated on its website that it would resume full operation once the operational costs were covered.[45] WikiLeaks saw this as a kind of strike "to ensure that everyone who is involved stops normal work and actually spends time raising revenue".[48] While the organisation initially planned for funds to be secured by 6 January 2010,[49] it was not until 3 February 2010 that WikiLeaks announced that its minimum fundraising goal had been achieved.[50]

On 22 January 2010, PayPal suspended WikiLeaks' donation account and froze its assets. WikiLeaks said that this had happened before, and was done for "no obvious reason".[51] The account was restored on 25 January 2010.[52] On 18 May 2010, WikiLeaks announced that its website and archive were back up.[53]

As of June 2010, WikiLeaks was a finalist for a grant of more than half a million dollars from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation,[29] but did not make the cut.[54] WikiLeaks commented, "WikiLeaks was highest rated project in the Knight challenge, strongly recommended to the board but gets no funding. Go figure”. WikiLeaks said that the Knight foundation announced the award to "'12 Grantees who will impact future of news' – but not WikiLeaks" and questioned whether Knight foundation was "really looking for impact".[54] A spokesman of the Knight Foundation disputed parts of WikiLeaks' statement, saying "WikiLeaks was not recommended by Knight staff to the board."[55] However, he declined to say whether WikiLeaks was the project rated highest by the Knight advisory panel, which consists of non-staffers, among them journalist Jennifer 8. Lee, who has done PR work for WikiLeaks with the press and on social networking sites.[55]

On 17 July, Jacob Appelbaum spoke on behalf of WikiLeaks at the 2010 Hackers on Planet Earth conference in New York City, replacing Assange because of the presence of federal agents at the conference.[56][57] He announced that the WikiLeaks submission system was again up and running, after it had been temporarily suspended.[56][58] Assange was a surprise speaker at a TED conferenceon 19 July 2010 in Oxford, and confirmed that the site had begun accepting submissions again.[59]

Upon returning to the US from the Netherlands, on 29 July, Appelbaum was detained for three hours at the airport by US agents, according to anonymous sources.[60] The sources told Cnet that Appelbaum's bag was searched, receipts from his bag were photocopied, his laptop was inspected, although in what manner was unclear.[60] Appelbaum reportedly refused to answer questions without a lawyer present, and was not allowed to make a phone call. His three mobile phones were reportedly taken and not returned.[60]On 31 July, he spoke at a Defcon conference and mentioned his phone being "seized". After speaking, he was approached by two FBIagents and questioned.[60]

Assange is quoted as acknowledging that his practice of posting largely unfiltered classified information online could one day lead the Web site to have "blood on our hands."[61]

In 2010, at least a dozen key supporters of WikiLeaks have left the website.[62]

Administration

According to a January 2010 interview, the WikiLeaks team then consisted of five people working full-time and about 800 people who worked occasionally, none of whom were compensated.[48] WikiLeaks has no official headquarters. The expenses per year are about €200,000, mainly for servers and bureaucracy, but would reach €600,000 if work currently done by volunteers were paid for.[48]WikiLeaks does not pay for lawyers, as hundreds of thousands of dollars in legal support have been donated by media organisations such as the Associated Press, Los Angeles Times, and the National Newspaper Publishers Association.[48] Its only revenue stream is donations, but WikiLeaks is planning to add an auction model to sell early access to documents.[48] According to the Wau Holland Foundation, WikiLeaks receives no money for personnel costs, only for hardware, travelling and bandwidth.[63] An article in TechEYE.net wrote

As a charity accountable under German law, donations for WikiLeaks can be made to the foundation. Funds are held in escrow and are given to WikiLeaks after the whistleblower website files an application containing a statement with proof of payment. The foundation does not pay any sort of salary nor give any renumeration [sic] to WikiLeaks' personnel, corroborating the statement of the site's former German representative Daniel Schmitt (real name Daniel Domscheit-Berg)[64] on national television that all personnel works voluntarily, even its speakers.[63]

Site management issues

Within WikiLeaks, there has been public disagreement between founder and spokesperson Julian Assange and Daniel Domscheit-Berg, the site's former German representative who was suspended by Assange. Domscheit-Berg announced on 28 September 2010 that he was leaving the organisation due to internal conflicts over management of the site.[65][66][64]

Hosting

WikiLeaks describes itself as "an uncensorable system for untraceable mass document leaking".[67] WikiLeaks is hosted by PRQ, a Sweden-based company providing "highly secure, no-questions-asked hosting services". PRQ is said to have "almost no information about its clientele and maintains few if any of its own logs".[68] The servers are spread around the world with the central server located in Sweden.[69] Julian Assange has said that the servers are located in Sweden (and the other countries) "specifically because those nations offer legal protection to the disclosures made on the site". He talks about the Swedish constitution, which gives the information providers total legal protection.[69] It is forbidden according to Swedish law for any administrative authority to make inquiries about the sources of any type of newspaper.[70] These laws, and the hosting by PRQ, make it difficult to take WikiLeaks offline. Furthermore, "Wikileaks maintains its own servers at undisclosed locations, keeps no logs and uses military-grade encryption to protect sources and other confidential information." Such arrangements have been called "bulletproof hosting."[68][71]

On 17 August 2010, it was announced that the Swedish Pirate Party will be hosting and managing many of WikiLeaks' new servers. The party donates servers and bandwidth to WikiLeaks without charge. Technicians of the party will make sure that the servers are maintained and working.[72][73]

Some servers are hosted in an underground nuclear bunker in Stockholm.[74][75]

After the site became the target of a denial-of-service attack from a hacker on its old servers, WikiLeaks moved its site to Amazon's servers.[76] Later, however, the website was "ousted"[76] from the Amazon servers, without a public statement from the company.[citation needed] WikiLeaks then decided to install itself on the servers of OVH in France.[77] After criticism from the French government, the company sought two court rulings about the legality of hosting WikiLeaks. While the court in Lille immediately declined to force OVH to shut down the WikiLeaks site, the court in Paris stated it would need more time to examine the highly technical issue.[76][78]

WikiLeaks is based on several software packages, including 

MediaWiki, Freenet, Tor, and PGP.[79] WikiLeaks strongly encouraged postings via Tor because of the strong privacy needs of its users.[80]

On 4 November 2010, Julian Assange told Swiss public television TSR that he is seriously considering seeking political asylum in neutral Switzerland and setting up a WikiLeaks foundation in the country to move the operation there.[81][82] According to Assange, Switzerland and Iceland are the only countries where WikiLeaks would feel safe to operate.[83][84]

Financing

WikiLeaks is dependent on public donations since it is a non-profit organisation. Its main financing methods include conventional bank transfers and online payment systems. Wau Holland Foundation, one of the WikiLeaks' main funding channels, stated that they have received more than €900,000 (US$1.2 million) in public donations between October 2009 and December 2010, out of which €370,000 has been passed on to WikiLeaks. Hendrik Fulda, vice president of the Wau Holland Foundation, mentioned that the donations throughPayPal was twice[vague] as through normal banks, before PayPal's decision to suspend WikiLeaks' account. He also noted that donations were never as strong as when WikiLeaks started publishing leaked diplomatic cables.[85][86]

Name servers

WikiLeaks had been using EveryDNS's services, which led to DDoS attacks on the host.[clarification needed] The attacks affected the quality of service at EveryDNS, so the company withdrew their service from WikiLeaks. Pro-WikiLeaks supporters retaliated by launching a DDoS attack against EveryDNS. Due to mistakes in the blogosphere, some supporters accidentally mistook EasyDNS for EveryDNS and attacked it. The attacks caused both EveryDNS and EasyDNS to experience outages. Afterwards EasyDNS decided to provide WikiLeaks its name server service.[87]

Name and policies

Despite using the name "WikiLeaks", the website is no longer wiki-based as of December 2010. Also, despite some popular confusion[88] due to both having the term "wiki" in their names, WikiLeaks and Wikipedia have no affiliation with each other;[89][90] i.e. "wiki" is not a brand name. Wikia, a for-profit corporation loosely affiliated with the Wikimedia Foundation, did however purchase several Wikileaks-related domain names (including "wikileaks.com" and "wikileaks.net") as a "protective brand measure" in 2007.[91]

The "about" page originally read:[92]

To the user, WikiLeaks will look very much like Wikipedia. Anybody can post to it, anybody can edit it. No technical knowledge is required. Leakers can post documents anonymously and untraceably. Users can publicly discuss documents and analyze their credibility and veracity. Users can discuss interpretations and context and collaboratively formulate collective publications. Users can read and write explanatory articles on leaks along with background material and context. The political relevance of documents and their verisimilitude will be revealed by a cast of thousands.

However, WikiLeaks established an editorial policy that accepted only documents that were "of political, diplomatic, historical or ethical interest" (and excluded "material that is already publicly available").[93] This coincided with early criticism that having no editorial policy would drive out good material with spam and promote "automated or indiscriminate publication of confidential records."[94] It is no longer possible for anybody to post to it or edit it, as the original FAQ promised. Instead, submissions are regulated by an internal review process and some are published, while documents not fitting the editorial criteria are rejected by anonymous WikiLeaks reviewers. By 2008, the revised FAQ stated that "Anybody can post comments to it. [...] Users can publicly discuss documents and analyse their credibility and veracity."[95] After the 2010 relaunch, posting new comments to leaks was no longer possible.[96]

Verification of submissions

WikiLeaks states that it has never released a misattributed document. Documents are assessed before release. In response to concerns about the possibility of misleading or fraudulent leaks, WikiLeaks has stated that misleading leaks "are already well-placed in the mainstream media. WikiLeaks is of no additional assistance."[97] The FAQ states that: "The simplest and most effective countermeasure is a worldwide community of informed users and editors who can scrutinise and discuss leaked documents."[98]

According to statements by Assange in 2010, submitted documents are vetted by a group of five reviewers, with expertise in different fields such as language or programming, who also investigate the background of the leaker if his or her identity is known.[99] In that group, Assange has the final decision about the assessment of a document.[99]

Legal status

Legal background

The legal status of WikiLeaks is complex. Assange considers WikiLeaks a whistleblower protection intermediary. Rather than leaking directly to the press, and fearing exposure and retribution, whistleblowers can leak to WikiLeaks, which then leaks to the press for them.[100] Its servers are located throughout Europe and are accessible from any uncensored web connection. The group located its headquarters in Sweden because it has one of the world’s strongest shield laws to protect confidential source-journalist relationships.[101][102] WikiLeaks has stated that they "do not solicit any information".[101] However, Assange used his speech during the Hack In The Box conference in Malaysia to ask the crowd of hackers and security researchers to help find documents on its "Most Wanted Leaks of 2009" list.[103]

Potential criminal prosecution

The U.S. Justice Department opened a criminal probe of Wikileaks and founder Julian Assange shortly after the leak of diplomatic cables began.[104][105] Attorney General Eric Holder affirmed the probe was  not saber-rattling”, but was "an active, ongoing criminal investigation."[105] The The Washington Post reported that the department was considering charges under the Espionage Act, a move which former prosecutors characterised as "difficult" because of First Amendment protections for the press.[104][106] Several Supreme Court cases have previously established that the American constitution protects the re-publication of illegally gained information provided the publishers did not themselves break any laws in acquiring it.[107] Federal prosecutors have also considered prosecuting Assange for trafficking in stolen government property, but since the diplomatic cables are intellectual rather than physical property, that approach also faces hurdles.[108] Any prosecution of Assange would require extraditing him to the United States, a step made more complicated and potentially delayed by any preceding extradition to Sweden.[109] One of Assange's lawyers, however, says they are fighting extradition to Sweden because it might lead to his extradition to the United States.[110] Assange's attorney, Mark Stephens, has "heard from Swedish authorities there has been a secretly empaneled grand jury in Alexandria [Virginia]" meeting to consider criminal charges in the WikiLeaks case.[111]

In Australia, the government and the Australian Federal Police have not stated what Australian laws may have been broken by WikiLeaks, but Julia Gillard has stated that the foundation of Wikileaks and the stealing of classified documents from the US administration is illegal in foreign countries.[112] Gillard later clarified her statement as referring to "the original theft of the material by a junior US serviceman rather than any action by Mr Assange."[113] Spencer Zifcak, President of Liberty Victoria, an Australian civil liberties group, notes that with no charge, and no trial completed, it is inappropriate to state that WikiLeaks is guilty of illegal activities.[114]

On threats by various governments toward Assange, legal expert Ben Saul argues that founder Julian Assange is the target of a global smear campaign to demonise him as a criminal or as a terrorist, without any legal basis.[115]

Insurance file

On 29 July 2010, WikiLeaks added a 1.4 GB "Insurance File" to the Afghan War Diary page. The file is AES encrypted and has been speculated to serve as insurance in case the WikiLeaks website or its spokesman Julian Assange are incapacitated, upon which thepassphrase could be published, similar to the concept of a dead man's switch.[116][117] Following the first few days' release of the US diplomatic cables starting 28 November 2010, the US television broadcaster CBS predicted that "If anything happens to Assange or the website, a key will go out to unlock the files. There would then be no way to stop the information from spreading like wildfire because so many people already have copies."[118] CBS correspondent Declan McCullagh stated, "What most folks are speculating is that the insurance file contains unreleased information that would be especially embarrassing to the US government if it were released."[118]

Investigations, censorship, harassment, and surveillance

According to The Times, WikiLeaks and its members have complained about continuing harassment and surveillance by law enforcement and intelligence organisations, including extended detention, seizure of computers, veiled threats, “covert following and hidden photography.”[119] Two lawyers for Julian Assange in the United Kingdom told The Guardian that they believed they were being watched by the security services after the US cables leak.[120]

By governments

Police raid on German WikiLeaks domain holder's home

The home of Theodor Reppe, registrant of the German WikiLeaks domain name, wikileaks.de, was raided on 24 March 2009 after WikiLeaks released the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) censorship blacklist.[121] The site was not affected.[122][123]

P.R. China

Wikileaks's website claims that the government of the People's Republic of China has attempted to block all traffic to web sites with "wikileaks" in the URL since 2007, but that this can be bypassed through encrypted connections or by using one of Wikileaks's many covert URLs.[124]

Potential future Australian censorship

On 16 March 2009, the Australian Communications and Media Authority added WikiLeaks to their proposed blacklist of sites that will be blocked for all Australians if the mandatory internet filtering censorship scheme is implemented as planned.[125][126] The blacklisting was removed 30 November 2010.[127]

Thai censorship

The Centre for the Resolution of the Emergency Situation (CRES) is currently censoring the website WikiLeaks in Thailand[128] and more than 40,000 other webpages[129] because of the emergency decree in Thailand imposed as a result of political instabilities (Emergency decree declared beginning of April 2010[130]).

United States

Access to WikiLeaks is currently blocked in the United States Library of Congress.[131] On 3 December 2010 the White House Office of Management and Budget sent a memo forbidding all unauthorised federal government employees and contractors from accessing classified documents publicly available on WikiLeaks and other websites.[132] The U.S. Army, the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Justice Department are considering criminally prosecuting WikiLeaks and Assange "on grounds they encouraged the theft of government property",[133] although former prosecutors say doing so would be difficult.[106] According to a report on the Daily Beast website, the Obama administration asked Britain, Germany and Australia among others to also consider bringing criminal charges against Assange for the Afghan war leaks and to help limit Assange's travels across international borders.[134]

Iceland

After the release of the 2007 airstrikes video and as they prepared to release film of the Granai airstrike, Julian Assange has said that his group of volunteers came under intense surveillance. In an interview and Twitter posts he said that a restaurant in Reykjavík where his group of volunteers met came under surveillance in March; there was "covert following and hidden photography" by police and foreignintelligence services; that an apparent British intelligence agent made thinly veiled threats in a Luxembourg car park; and that one of the volunteers was detained by police for 21 hours. Another volunteer posted that computers were seized, saying "If anything happens to us, you know why ... and you know who is responsible."[119] According to the Columbia Journalism Review, "the Icelandic press took a look at Assange’s charges of being surveilled in Iceland [...] and, at best, have found nothing to substantiate them."[135]

In August 2009, Kaupthing Bank succeeded in obtaining a court order gagging Iceland’s national broadcaster, RÚV, from broadcasting a risk analysis report showing the bank's substantial exposure to debt default risk. This information had been leaked by a whistleblower to WikiLeaks and remained available on the WikiLeaks site; faced with an injunction minutes before broadcast the channel ran with a screen grab of the WikiLeaks site instead of the scheduled piece on the bank. Citizens of Iceland felt outraged that RÚV was prevented from broadcasting news of relevance.[136] Therefore, WikiLeaks has been credited with inspiring the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative, a bill meant to reclaim Iceland's 2007 Reporters Without Borders (Reporters sans frontières) ranking as first in the world for free speech. It aims to enact a range of protections for sources, journalists, and publishers.[137][138] Birgitta Jónsdóttir, a former volunteer for WikiLeaks and member of the Icelandic parliament, is the chief sponsor of the proposal.

By organisations and companies

Facebook Inc.

WikiLeaks claimed in April 2010 that Facebook deleted their fan page, which had 30,000 fans.[139][140][141] However, as of 7 December 2010 the group's Facebook fan page was available and had grown by 100,000 fans daily since 1 December,[142] to more than 1,300,000 fans. It is also the largest growth of the week.[143] Regarding the presence of WikiLeaks on Facebook, Andrew Noyes, the company's D.C. based Manager of Public Policy Communications has stated "the Wikileaks Facebook Page does not violate our content standards nor have we encountered any material posted on the page that violates our policies."[144]

Moneybookers Ltd

In October 2010, it was reported that Moneybookers, which collected donations for WikiLeaks, had ended its relationship with the site. Moneybookers stated that its decision had been made "to comply with money laundering or other investigations conducted by government authorities, agencies or commissions."[145]

After the US diplomatic cables leak

Following the US diplomatic cables leak, which started on 28 November 2010, several companies severed ties with WikiLeaks. After providing 24-hour notification, American owned EveryDNS dropped WikiLeaks from its entries on 2 December 2010, citing DDoS attacks that "threatened the stability of its infrastructure".[26][146] The site's 'info' DNS lookup remained operational at alternative addresses for direct access respectively to the WikiLeaks and Cablegate websites.[147] On the same day, Amazon.com severed its ties with WikiLeaks, to which it was providing infrastructure services, after an intervention by an aide of U.S. Senator Joe Lieberman.[7][148][149]Amazon denied acting under political pressure citing a violation of its terms of service.[150] Citing indirect pressure from the U.S. Government, Tableau Software also dropped WikiLeaks' data from its site for people to use for data visualisation.[151][152]

In the days following, hundreds of (and eventually more than a thousand[153]) mirrors of the WikiLeaks site appeared and the Anonymousgroup of internet activists, called on supporters to attack the websites of companies which do not support WikiLeaks,[154] under the banner of Operation Payback, previously aimed at anti-piracy organisations.[155] AFP reported that attempts to shut down the wikileaks.org address had lead to the site surviving via the so-called Streisand effect, whereby attempts to censor information online leads to it being replicated in many places.[156]

On 3 December, PayPal, the payment processor owned by eBay, permanently cut off the account of the Wau Holland Foundation that had been redirecting donations to WikiLeaks. PayPal alleged that the account violated its "Acceptable Use Policy", specifically that it was used for "activities that encourage, promote, facilitate or instruct others to engage in illegal activity."[157][158] The Vice President of PayPal later stated that they stopped accepting payments after the “State Department told us these were illegal activities. It was straightforward.” Later the same day, he said that his previous statement was incorrect, and that it was in fact based on a letter from the State Department to WikiLeaks.[159] On 8 December 2010, the Wau Holland Foundation released a press statement, saying it has filed a legal action against PayPal for blocking its account used for WikiLeaks payments and for libel due to PayPal's allegations of "illegal activity".[160]

On 6 December, the Swiss bank, PostFinance, announced that it had frozen the assets of Assange that it holds, totalling 31,000 euros. In a statement on their website, they stated that this was because Assange "provided false information regarding his place of residence" when opening the account.[161] WikiLeaks released a statement saying this was due to that Assange, "as a homeless refugee attempting to gain residency in Switzerland, had used his lawyer's address in Geneva for the bank's correspondence".[162] On the same day, MasterCard announced that it "is taking action to ensure that WikiLeaks can no longer accept MasterCard-branded products", adding "MasterCard rules prohibit customers from directly or indirectly engaging in or facilitating any action that is illegal."[163] The next day, Visa Inc. announced it was suspending payments to WikiLeaks, pending "further investigations".[164] In a move of support for WikiLeaks, XIPWIRE established a way to donate to WikiLeaks, and waived their fees.[165] Datacell, the Swiss-based IT company that enabled WikiLeaks to accept credit card donations, announced that it will take legal action against Visa Europe and Mastercard, in order to resume allowing payments to the website.[166]

On 7 December 2010, The Guardian stated that people can still donate to WikiLeaks via Commerzbank Kassel in Germany orLandsbanki in Iceland or by post to a post office box at the University of Melbourne or at the wikileaks.ch domain.[167]

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay has highlighted that Visa, Mastercard and Amazon may be 'violating WikiLeaks' [e pluribus unum] right to freedom of expression' by withdrawing their services.[168]

Reception

Support

In July 2010 Veterans for Peace president Mike Ferner editorialised on the group's website "neither Wikileaks nor the soldier or soldiers who divulged the documents should be prosecuted for revealing this information. We should give them a medal."[171]

Documentary filmmaker John Pilger wrote an August 2010 editorial in the Australian publication Green Left titled "Wikileaks Must Be Defended." In it, Pilger said WikiLeaks represented the interests of "public accountability" and a new form of journalism at odds with "the dominant section ... devoted merely to taking down what cynical and malign power tells it."[172]

Daniel Ellsberg, the man who released the Pentagon Papers in 1971, has been a frequent defender of WikiLeaks. Following the November 2010 release of U.S. diplomatic cables, Ellsberg rejected criticism that the site was endangering the lives of U.S. military personnel and intelligence assets stating "not one single soldier or informant has been in danger from any of the WikiLeaks releases. That risk has been largely overblown."[169] Ellsberg went on to note that government claims to the contrary were "a script that they roll out every time there's a leak of any sort."[170] Following the US diplomatic cable release, which a number of media reports sought to differentiate from Ellsberg's whistleblowing,[173] Ellsberg claimed, "EVERY attack now made on WikiLeaks and Julian Assange was made against me and the release of the Pentagon Papers at the time."[174]

On 3 December 2010 Republican Congressman of Texas, Ron Paul, spoke out publicly during a Fox Business interview in support of Wikileaks founder, Julian Assange; "In a free society we're supposed to know the truth," Paul said. "In a society where truth becomes treason, then we're in big trouble." Paul went on to state, "Why don't we prosecute The New York Times or anybody that releases this?"[175] In another speech at US House of Representatives Paul again defended WikiLeaks against criticism for revealing the truth and warned the US administration that "lying is not patriotic".[176]

Fellow Republican congressman Connie Mack IV of Florida also praised WikiLeaks, stating that Americans have a right to know the contents of the leaks, “no matter how we acquire that knowledge.”[177]

Australia’s most senior and high-profile media professionals expressed their support for WikiLeaks in a letter to Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard.[178] The letter was initiated by the Walkley Foundation, who present the yearly Walkley Awards for Excellence in Journalism. The letter was signed by "the ten members of the Walkley Advisory Board as well as editors of major Australian newspapers and news websites and the news directors of the country’s three commercial TV networks and two public broadcasters." Their position (an extract from the letter) is summarized as follows:

“In essence, WikiLeaks, an organisation that aims to expose official secrets, is doing what the media have always done: bringing to light material that governments would prefer to keep secret. It is the media’s duty to responsibly report such material if it comes into their possession. To aggressively attempt to shut WikiLeaks down, to threaten to prosecute those who publish official leaks, and to pressure companies to cease doing commercial business with WikiLeaks, is a serious threat to democracy, which relies on a free and fearless press.”[179]

Following the November 2010 leak of United States diplomatic cables The Atlantic, in a staff editorial, opined "Wikileaks is a powerful new way for reporters and human rights advocates to leverage global information technology systems to break the heavy veil of government and corporate secrecy that is slowly suffocating the American press." Calling legal and physical threats against WikiLeaks volunteers "shameful" the magazine went on to state, "Not since President Richard Nixon directed his minions to go after Pentagon Papers leaker Daniel Ellsberg and New York Times reporter Neil Sheehan ... has a working journalist and his source been subjected to the kind of official intimidation and threats that have been directed at Assange and Manning by high-ranking members of the Obama Administration."[180]

On 4 December 2010, Reporters Without Borders condemned the "blocking, cyber-attacks and political pressure" being directed at WikiLeaks. The organisation is also concerned by some of the extreme comments made by American authorities concerning WikiLeaks and its founder Julian Assange.[181]

In an article titled "Only WikiLeaks can save US policy" published on the online foreign affairs magazine The Diplomat, former long-time CIA counter-terrorism expert Michael Scheuer said the source of interest in WikiLeaks revelations was in the inherent dishonesty of recent U.S. administrations. "In recent years, the US public has had to hear its leaders repeatedly tell Americans that black was white," Scheuer wrote, referencing the presidencies of Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama.[182]

Evan Hughes, editor-in-chief of wired.com published his support for WikiLeaks in an online editorial titled "Why WikiLeaks is Good for America." Despite an often contentious relationship between Wired and WikiLeaks, with the former having being accused by the latter of complicity in the identification and arrest of Bradley Manning, Hughes argued that "WikiLeaks stands to improve our democracy, not weaken it." He went on to note that "The greatest threat we face right now from WikiLeaks is not the information it has spilled and may spill in the future, but the reactionary response to it that’s building in the United States that promises to repudiate the rule of law and our free speech traditions, if left unchecked."[183]

The New York Times reported that over 200 WikiLeaks mirror sites sprang up after some hosting companies cut their services to the company.[184] On 5 December, a group of activists and hackers known as "Anonymous" called upon supporters to attack sites of companies that oppose WikiLeaks as part of Operation Avenge Assange.[185] Paypal has been targeted following their decision to stop processing donations for Wikileaks.[186][187]Gregg Housh, who previously worked on other projects with Anonymous, said that he had noticed an organised attempt taking place to attack companies that have not supported WikiLeaks. In reference to the support being shown for Wikileaks, Mr. Housh said; "The reason is amazingly simple, we all believe that information should be free, and the Internet should be free."[154] On 8 December 2010, Paypal website was victim of a Denial-of-service attack by Anonymous.[188][189][190] Later that day, Paypal announced in their blog that they will release all remaining funds in the account to the foundation that was raising funds for WikiLeaks.[191][192] On the same day, the websites of Visa and Mastercard were attacked by WikiLeaks supporters. By then over 1,200 mirror sites had been set up for hosting content no longer accessible at WikiLeaks.com. Anonymous also issued a fresh statement; "While we don't have much of an affiliation with WikiLeaks, we fight for the same reasons. We want transparency, and we counter censorship...This is why we intend to utilise our resources to raise awareness, attack those against, and support those who are helping lead our world to freedom and democracy."[193]

The Internet Society (ISOC) stated that despite the international concern about the content released by WikiLeaks, "we nevertheless believe it must be subject to the same laws and policies of availability as all Internet sites" and that “free expression should not be restricted by governmental or private controls over computer hardware or software, telecommunications infrastructure, or other essential components of the Internet”. ISOC also called for appropriate action to "pursue and prosecute entities (if any) that acted maliciously to take it [WikiLeaks] off the air” because suppressing communication would merely serve to “undermine the integrity of the global Internet and its operation”.[194]

On 8 December 2010 the international civic organisation Avaaz launched a petition in support of WikiLeaks, which was signed by over 250 thousand people within the first few hours, the total number went up to 600 thousand by 15 December 2010.[195][196][197]

In early December 2010, Noam Chomsky offered his support to protesters across Australia planning to take to the streets in defence of WikiLeaks.[198]

On 14 December 2010, Michael Moore offered $20,000 to help bail Assange out of jail.[199][200]

Awards received

In 2008, Index on Censorship presented WikiLeaks with their inaugural Economist New Media Award.

In 2009, Amnesty International awarded WikiLeaks their Media Award for exposing "extra judicial killings and disappearances" in Kenya.[201]

Praise by governments

 Brazil: President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva expressed his "solidarity" with Julian Assange following Assange's 2010 arrest in the United Kingdom. Lula went on to state—in reference to WikiLeaks disclosure of classified US diplomatic cables in November and December 2010—WikiLeaks had "exposed a diplomacy that had appeared unreachable."[202][203] He further criticised the arrest of Julian Assange as "an attack on freedom of expression".[204]

 Ecuador: In late November 2010 a representative of the government of Ecuador made what was, apparently, an unsolicited public offer to Julian Assange to establish residency in Ecuador. Deputy Foreign Minister Kinto Lucas stated "we are going to invite him to come to Ecuador so he can freely present the information he possesses and all the documentation, not just on the Internet, but in various public forums."[205] Lucas went on to state his praise for WikiLeaks and Assange calling them "[people] who are constantly investigating and trying to get light out of the dark corners of [state] information."[206] The following day, however, president Rafael Correadistanced his administration from the offer stating that Lucas had been speaking for himself and not on the government's behalf. Correa then criticised Assange for "breaking the laws of the United States and leaking this type of information."[207]

 Russia: In December 2010 the office of Russian president Dmitry Medvedev issued a statement calling on non-governmental organisations to consider "nominating [Julian] Assange as a Nobel Prize laureate." The announcement followed commentary by Russian ambassador to NATO Dmitry Rogozin who stated that Julian Assange's earlier arrest on Swedish charges demonstrated that there was "no media freedom" in the west.[208]

 Venezuela: Hugo Chávez, president of Venezuela, stated his support for WikiLeaks following the release of US diplomatic cables in November 2010 that showed the United States had tried to rally support from regional governments to isolate Venezuela. "I have to congratulate the people of WikiLeaks for their bravery and courage," Chávez commented in televised remarks.[209]

 United Nations: In December 2010 United Nations Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Opinion and Expression Frank LaRue stated he agreed with the idea that Julian Assange was a "martyr for free speech." LaRue went on to say Assange or other WikiLeaks staff should not face legal accountability for any information they disseminated, noting that, "if there is a responsibility by leaking information it is of, exclusively of the person that made the leak and not of the media that publish it. And this is the way that transparency works and that corruption has been confronted in many cases."[210] High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay subsequently voiced concern at the revelation that private companies were being pressured by states to sever their relationships with WikiLeaks.[211]

Criticism

WikiLeaks has attracted criticism from a variety of sources.[212]

In 2007 John Young, operator of Cryptome, left his position on the WikiLeaks Board of Directors accusing the group of being a "CIA conduit". Young subsequently retreated from his assertion but has continued to be critical of the site.[213] In a 2010 interview withCNET.com Young accused the group of a lack of transparency regarding their fundraising and financial management. He went on to state his belief that WikiLeaks could not guarantee whistleblowers the anonymity or confidentiality they claimed and that he "would not trust them with information if it had any value, or if it put me at risk or anyone that I cared about at risk."[214]

Citing the leaking of the sorority rituals of Alpha Sigma Tau, Steven Aftergood has opined that WikiLeaks "does not respect the rule of law nor does it honour the rights of individuals." Aftergood went on to state that WikiLeaks engages in unrestrained disclosure of non-governmental secrets without compelling public policy reasons and that many anti-corruption activists were opposed to the site's activities.[215]

In 2010, Amnesty International joined several other human rights groups criticising WikiLeaks for not adequately redacting the names of Afghan civilians working as U.S. military informants from files they had released. Julian Assange responded by offering Amnesty International staff the opportunity to assist in the document vetting process. When Amnesty International appeared to express reservations in accepting the offer, Assange dismissed the group as "people who prefer to do nothing but cover their asses." Other groups that joined Amnesty International in criticising WikiLeaks subsequently noted that, despite their displeasure over the issue of civilian name redaction, they generally appreciated WikiLeaks's work.[216]

In an August 2010 open letter, the non-governmental organisation Reporters Without Borders praised WikiLeaks' past usefulness in exposing "serious violations of human rights and civil liberties" but criticised the group over a perceived absence of editorial control, stating "indiscriminately publishing 92,000 classified reports reflects a real problem of methodology and, therefore, of credibility. Journalistic work involves the selection of information. The argument with which you defend yourself, namely that WikiLeaks is not made up of journalists, is not convincing."[217] The group subsequently clarified their statement as a criticism of WikiLeaks release procedure and not the organisation itself, stating "we reaffirm our support for Wikileaks, its work and its founding principles."[218]

On 30 November 2010, former Canadian government adviser Tom Flanagan, while appearing on the CBC television program "Power & Politics", called for Julian Assange to be killed. "I think Assange should be assassinated," Flanagan stated, before noting to host Evan Solomon, "I'm feeling pretty manly today." Flanagan subsequently retracted his call for the death of Assange while reiterating his opposition to WikiLeaks.[219] Dimitri Soudas, spokesman to Prime Minister Stephen Harper, decried Flanagan's comments and said the former Tory strategist's remarks are "simply not acceptable." Ralph Goodale, Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party in the House of Commons, called Flanagan's remarks "clearly contrary to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms."[220]

Russian investigative reporter Andrei Soldatov has criticised WikiLeaks for disclosing documents "without checking of the facts, without putting them in context, and without analysing them.” Soldatov believes WikiLeaks is "filling the gap" left by the decline of investigative journalism with a sensationalist alternative while journalistic support of WikiLeaks is motivated by anger over declining funding and resources for investigative reporting.[221]

Contrary Views. A number of authors contend that Wikileaks, contrary to appearances, is actually a charade or intelligence agency disinformation ploy conducting psychological warfare. They point to the effects on mobilizing public opinion against freedom of information and to allegations in the purported leaks which incriminate targets of US foreign policy, such as Iran. Notable critics in this vein include Michel Chossudovsky[222] and F. William Engdahl.[223]

Wikipedia co-founder Larry Sanger has said: "Speaking as Wikipedia's co-founder, I consider you enemies of the U.S.—not just the government, but the people." [224]

According to a telephone survey of 1,029 US residents age 18 and older, conducted by the Marist Institute for Public Opinion in December 2010, Americans are overwhelmingly critical of WikiLeaks. The poll found that 70 percent of respondents – particularlyRepublicans and older people – think the leaks are doing more harm than good by allowing America's enemies to see confidential and secret information about U.S. foreign policy. Just 22 percent – especially young liberals – think the leaks are doing more good than harm by making the U.S. government more transparent and accountable. A majority of 59 percent also wants to see the people behind WikiLeaks prosecuted, while 31 percent said the publication of secrets is protected under the First Amendment guarantee of a free press.[225]

Criticism by governments

Most of the governments and organisations whose files have been leaked by WikiLeaks have been critical of the organisation.

  •  Australia: On 2 December 2010 Prime Minister Julia Gillard made a statement that she 'absolutely condemns' Wikileaks' actions and that the release of information on the site was 'grossly irresponsible' and 'illegal.'[226] Wikileaks founder Julian Assange isAustralian and he responded two days later by accusing his prime minister of betraying him as an Australian citizen.[227] However, on 8 December 2010—after WikiLeaks published U.S. diplomatic cables in which United States diplomats labelled him a "control freak", former Australian Prime Minister and current foreign minister Kevin Rudd said the leak of the US secret cables raised questions about US security. Rudd said, "The core responsibility, and therefore legal liability, goes to those individuals responsible for that initial unauthorised release."[228][229] In an article in The Australian, Assange claimed, "The Australian attorney-general is doing everything he can to help a US investigation clearly directed at framing Australian citizens and shipping them to the US."[230]However, Australian officials later said that Assange has done nothing illegal.[231]
  •  France: The French Industry Minister Éric Besson said in a letter to the CGIET technology agency, WikiLeaks "violates the secret of diplomatic relations and puts people protected by diplomatic secret in danger." Therefore it would be 'unacceptable' that the site was hosted on servers based in France. The minister asked for measures to bar WikiLeaks from France.[232]
  •  Iran: The President of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, also criticised WikiLeaks following the release of United States diplomatic cables. Ahmadinejad claimed that the release of cables purporting to show concern with Iran by Arab states was a planned leak by the United States to discredit his government, though he did not indicate whether he believed WikiLeaks was in collusion with the United States or was simply an unwitting facilitator.[233]
  •  Philippines: President Benigno Aquino III comdemned Wikileaks and leaked documents related to the country, saying that it can lead to massive cases of miscommunication.[234]
  •  United States: Following the November 2010 release of United States diplomatic cables, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clintondenounced the group saying, "this disclosure is not just an attack on America's foreign policy interests, it is an attack on the international community."[235] Peter King, chairman of the Homeland Security Committee of the United States House of Representatives has stated his support for listing Wikileaks as a "foreign terrorist organisation" explaining that "WikiLeaks presents a clear and present danger to the national security of the United States."[236] In a contrary statement, secretary of Defense Robert Gates has said that concerns about the disclosures were "over-wrought" in terms of their likely adverse impact on ordinary diplomatic activities.[237] Philip J. Crowley, United States Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs, stated on 2 December 2010 that the US State Department does not regard WikiLeaks as a media organisation. "WikiLeaks is not a media organization. That is our view." Crowley said and with regard to Assange;"Well, his – I mean he could be considered a political actor. I think he’s an anarchist, but he’s not a journalist."[238]
    US Senator Joe Lieberman, who first called on Amazon to shut down WikiLeaks and then praised the company after doing so called for other companies to follow suit.[149] He also proposed new legislation targeting similar cases—Securing Human Intelligence and Enforcing Lawful Dissemination Act,[148] also known as the SHIELD Act,[239] not to be confused with a shield law. Lieberman later said that also The New York Times and other news organisations publishing the US embassy cables being released by WikiLeaks could be investigated for breaking US espionage laws.[240]

Spin offs

Following the initial releases of US diplomatic cables, a number of other sites based on the WikiLeaks model were borne.[241]

  • OpenLeaks was created by the former deputy to Assange. Daniel Domscheit-Berg said the intention was to be more transparent than WikiLeaks as "In these last months, the organisation has not been open any more. It lost its open-source promise." It planned to start in early 2011.
  • Brussels Leaks was focused on the European Union as a collaborative effort of media professionals and activists that sought to "pull the shady inner workings of the EU system out into the public domain. This is about getting important information out there, not about Brusselsleaks [or any other 'leaks' for that matter]."
  • TradeLeaks was created to "do to trade and commerce what WikiLeaks has done to politics." It was founded by Ruslan Kogan, a fellow Australian of Assange. Its goal is to ensure ""individuals and businesses should attain values from others through mutually beneficial and fully consensual trade, rather than force, fraud or deception."
  • Balkan Leaks was founded by Bulgarain Atanas Chobanov in order to make the Balkans more transparent and to fight corruption as "There are plenty of people out there that want to change the Balkans for good and are ready to take on the challenge. We're offering them a hand."
  • Indoleaks is an Indonesian that sought to publish classified documents of the Indonesian government, though the Jakarta Globe said "the [Indonesian] government claimed not to be concerned by the website."

Leaks

2006–08

WikiLeaks posted its first document in December 2006, a decision to assassinate government officials signed by Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys."[29] In August 2007, The Guardian published a story about corruption by the family of the former Kenyan leader Daniel arap Moibased on information provided via WikiLeaks.[242] In November 2007, a March 2003 copy of Standard Operating Procedures for Camp Delta detailing the protocol of the U.S. Army at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp was released.[243] The document revealed that some prisoners were off-limits to the International Committee of the Red Cross, something that the U.S. military had in the past repeatedly denied.[244] In February 2008, WikiLeaks released allegations of illegal activities at the Cayman Islands branch of the Swiss Bank Julius Baer which led to the bank suing WikiLeaks and obtaining an injunction which temporarily shut down wikileaks.org.[245] The site was instantly mirrored by supporters and later that month the judge overturned his previous decision citing First Amendmentconcerns and questions about legal jurisdiction.[246][247] In March 2008, WikiLeaks published what they referred to as "the collected secret 'bibles' of Scientology," and three days later received letters threatening to sue them for breach of copyright.[248] In September 2008, during the 2008 United States presidential election campaigns, the contents of a Yahoo account belonging to Sarah Palin (the running mate of Republican presidential nominee John McCain) were posted on WikiLeaks after being hacked into by members ofAnonymous.[249] In November 2008, the membership list of the far-right British National Party was posted to WikiLeaks, after briefly appearing on a blog.[250] A year later, on October 2009, another list of BNP members was leaked.[251]

2009

In January 2009, WikiLeaks released 86 telephone intercept recordings of Peruvian politicians and businessmen involved in the 2008 Peru oil scandal.[252] In February, WikiLeaks released 6,780 Congressional Research Service reports[253] follwed in March, by a list of contributors to the Norm Coleman senatorial campaign[254][255] and a set of documents belonging to Barclays Bank that had been ordered removed from the website of The Guardian.[256] In July, they released a report relating to a serious nuclear accident that had occurred at the Iranian Natanz nuclear facility in 2009.[257] Later media reports have suggested that the accident was related to theStuxnet computer worm.[258][259] In September, internal documents from Kaupthing Bank were leaked, from shortly before the collapse of Iceland's banking sector, which led to the 2008–2010 Icelandic financial crisis. The document shows that suspiciously large sums of money were loaned to various owners of the bank, and large debts written off.[260] In October, Joint Services Protocol 440, a British document advising the security services on how to avoid documents being leaked was published by WikiLeaks.[261] Later that month, they announced that a super-injunction was being used by the commodities company, Trafigura to gag The Guardian newspaper from reporting on a leaked internal document regarding a toxic dumping incident in the Ivory Coast.[262][263] In November, they hosted copies of e-mail correspondence between climate scientists, although they were not originally leaked to WikiLeaks.[264] They also released 570,000 intercepts of pager messages sent on the day of the 11 September attacks.[265] During 2008 and 2009, WikiLeaks published the alleged lists of forbidden or illegal web addresses for Australia, Denmark and Thailand. These were originally created to prevent access to child pornography and terrorism, but the leaks revealed that other sites covering unrelated subjects were also listed.[266][267][268]

2010

In March 2010, WikiLeaks released a secret 32-page U.S. Department of Defense Counterintelligence Analysis Report written in March 2008 discussing the leaking of material by WikiLeaks and how it could be deterred.[269][270] In April, a classified video of the 12 July 2007 Baghdad airstrike was released, showing two Reuters employees being fired at, after the pilots mistakenly thought the men were carrying weapons, which were in fact cameras.[271] In the week following the release, "Wikileaks" was the search term with the most significant growth worldwide in the last seven days as measured by Google Insights.[272] In June 2010, A 22-year-old US Army intelligence analyst, PFC (formerly SPC) Bradley Manning, was arrested after alleged chat logs were turned in to the authorities by former hacker Adrian Lamo, in whom he had confided. Manning reportedly told Lamo he had leaked the "Collateral Murder" video, in addition to a video of the Granai airstrike and around 260,000 diplomatic cables, to WikiLeaks.[273] In July, WikiLeaks released 92,000 documents related to the war in Afghanistan between 2004 and the end of 2009 to The Guardian, The New York Times and Der Spiegel. The documents detail individual incidents including friendly fire and civilian casualties.[274] At the end of July, a 1.4 GB "insurance file" was added to the Afghan War Diary page, whose decryption details would be released if WikiLeaks or Assange were harmed.[116] About 15,000 of the 92,000 documents have not yet been released on WikiLeaks, as the group is currently reviewing the documents to remove some of the sources of the information. WikiLeaks asked the Pentagon and human-rights groups to help remove names from the documents to reduce the potential harm caused by their release, but did not receive assistance.[275] Following the Love Parade stampede in Duisburg, Germany on 24 July 2010, a local published internal documents of the city administration regarding the planning of Love Parade. The city government reacted by acquiring a court order on 16 August forcing the blog to remove the documents from its blog.[276] On 20 August WikiLeaks released a publication titled Loveparade 2010 Duisburg planning documents, 2007–2010, which comprised 43 internal documents regarding the Love Parade 2010.[277][278] Following on from the leak of information from the Afghan War, in October 2010, around 400,000 documents relating to the Iraq War where released in October. The BBC quoted The Pentagonreferring to the Iraq War Logs as "the largest leak of classified documents in its history." Media coverage of the leaked documents focused on claims that the U.S. government had ignored reports of torture by the Iraqi authorities during the period after the 2003 war.[279]

Diplomatic cables release

On 28 November WikiLeaks and five major newspapers from Spain (El País), France (Le Monde), Germany (Der Spiegel), the United Kingdom (The Guardian), and the United States (The New York Times) started to simultaneously publish the first 220[280] of 251,287 leaked confidential—but not top secret—diplomatic cables from 274 embassies dated from 1966–2010.[281] WikiLeaks plans to release the entirety of the cables in phases over several months.[281]

The contents of the diplomatic cables include numerous unguarded comments and revelations: critiques and praises about the host countries of various US embassies, discussion and resolutions towards ending ongoing tension in the Middle East, efforts and resistance towards nuclear disarmament, actions in the War on Terror, assessments of other threats around the world, dealings between various countries, US intelligence and counterintelligence efforts, and other diplomatic actions. Reactions to the United States diplomatic cables leak include stark criticism, anticipation, commendation, and quiescence.

Announcements on upcoming leaks

In May 2010, WikiLeaks said they had video footage of a massacre of civilians in Afghanistan by the US military which they were preparing to release.[119][282]

In an interview with Chris Anderson on 19 July 2010, Assange showed a document WikiLeaks had on an Albanian oil well blowout, and said they also had material from inside BP,[283] and that they were "getting enormous quantity of whistle-blower disclosures of a very high calibre"[284] but added that they have not been able to verify and release the material because they do not have enough volunteer journalists.[285]

In October 2010, Assange told a leading Moscow newspaper that "The Kremlin had better brace itself for a coming wave of WikiLeaks disclosures about Russia."[286][287] Assange later clarified: "we have material on many businesses and governments, including in Russia. It’s not right to say there’s going to be a particular focus on Russia".[288]

In a 2009 Computer World interview, Assange claimed to be in possession of "5GB from Bank of America", and in 2010 told Forbesmagazine that WikiLeaks was planning another "megaleak" for early in 2011, which this time would be from inside the private sector and involve "a big U.S. bank". Bank of America's stock price fell by three percent as a result of this announcement.[289][290] Assange commented on the possible impact of the release that ”it could take down a bank or two.”[291][292]

In December 2010, Assange's lawyer, Mark Stephens, told The Andrew Marr Show on the BBC, that WikiLeaks had information it considers to be a "thermo-nuclear device" which it would release if the organisation needs to defend itself.[293]



The www.wikileaks.org domain is currently redirecting to wikileaks.info, a domain not affiliated with WikiLeaks and not included in the official list of mirrors. The Spamhaus Project has stated that the domain is hosted in a "very dangerous 'neighborhood'"

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